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16th Century Denmark, Norway & Sweden

Portrait of Sigismund III (1566 - 1632). Sigismund III was King of Sweden from 1592 until 1599, when he was deposed by his uncle. He was also King of Poland from 1587 until his death in 1632. He married twice and had twelve children.

Clothing of Erik Stures, murdered in 1567, is now located in © Museum Uppsala, Sweden.

Extant originals - European renaissance, Clothing of Erik Stures

Clothing of Nil Stures, murdered in 1567, is now located in © Museum Uppsala, Sweden.

Extant originals - European renaissance, Clothing of Nil Stures

Birgitte Gøye (1511 - 26 July 1574) was a Danish county administrator, lady in waiting, landholder and noble, and a co-founder and principal of Herlufsholm School.

Birgitte Gøye - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Slipper, ca. 1602, probably Danis. Silk velvet, metallic embroidery, leather. Probably made in 1602 for the wedding of Hedwig of Denmark to Christian II of Saxony.

Gunilla Bielke (1568 - 1597). Queen of Sweden from 1585 until 1592, when her husband died. Gunilla was the second wife of John III, and they had one son. She was recorded as being very beautiful, and she tried to influence her husband to be more Protestant.

Gunilla Bielke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portrait of Frederick II of Denmark, suitor to Queen Elizabeth I. Walsingham, who managed all the arrangements with Elizabeth I's suitors, used the wooing to facilitate English foreign policy. Frederick was persuaded to incarcerate Mary, Queen of Scots husband, The Earl of Bothwell, who died 10 years later chained to a post. Frederick's daughter, Anne, eventually married Mary's son, James VI of Scotland/James I of England.

Sophie (1557–1631, nee of Mecklenburg-Gustrow), was Queen consort of Denmark as the wife of Frederick II, her cousin. She was the mother of Anne, consort of James I/VI of Britain and Christian IV of Denmark. A lover of knowledge, she was interested in science (and visited astronomer Tycho Brahe) and folklore. She served as regent for her son when he was a minor in Schleswig-Holstein. Sophie died age 74, the richest woman in Northern Europe.

Karin Månsdotter was Queen of Sweden, having first been a mistress and then the wife of King Eric XIV of Sweden. In 1564, Karin Månsdotter was employed as a servant to the wife of the King's trusted court musician Gert Cantor, who held a tavern and a guest house in his home; Karin likely helped to serve the guests. She was also a maid to the King's sister, Princess Elizabeth, when she became mistress to the king in 1565.

Portrait of Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Denmark. By Jacob Cornelisz van Oostsanen, c. 1524.

Portrait of Prince Sigismund Vasa, wearing a wolf's tooth on a chain of coral beads, 1568. Wawel Royal Castle .

Polish princess Katarzyna Jagiellonka brought the Italian culture she had learned from her mother to Finland and later to Sweden in the 16th century. Click through to article: "How Consorts Shaped Europe 1500-1800".

Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and later Duchess of Lorraine (1521-1590). Recently widowed, Christina famously refused the suit of Henry VIII when he was looking for his fourth wife; she supposedly said if she had two necks, then Henry would be welcome to one of them. After her second marriage, Christina served as regent of Lorraine from 1545-1552 during the minority of her son, Charles. She and her son laid claim to Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

Christina Gyllenstierna (1494/5 - January 1559) led an uprising in Sweden to overthrow the (effective) control of Sweden by a Danish king, Christian II. After her husband was killed in battle, she took command of the defense of Stockholm. Christina was eventually forced to surrender, but negotiated terms that provided a general amnesty to herself and everyone else involved in the uprising. Christina became a national symbol of Swedish patriotism.

Christina Gyllenstierna - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portrait of the Danish King Christian II. By Michel Sittow, 1514/15.

Dyveke Sigbritsdatter (1490 - 1517). Dyveke was the mistress of Christian II of Denmark. She was Dutch, and became his mistress in either 1507 or 1509. Her mother, Sigbrit, acted as an adviser to the King and they two of them were greatly hated. Christian refused to end their relationship even after he married Isabella of Austria in 1515, and her brother demanded his mistress's removal. Rumors said her death in 1517 was by poison.

Dyveke Sigbritsdatter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portrait of Anne of Denmark (1532 - 1585). Anne was a daughter of Christian III and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She married Augustus, Elector of Saxony and they had fifteen children!

Portrait of Elisabeth of Denmark (1524 - 1586). Elisabeth was the daughter of Frederick I and Sophie of Pomerania. She married Magnus III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. After his death she married Ulrich III of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and had one daughter.

Portrait of Isabella of Austria (1501 - 1526). Isabella was Queen of Denmark from 1515 until 1523. She was married to Christian II and they had two daughters. She was sympathetic to the Protestant cause.

Portrait of Sophie of Pomerania (1498 - 1568). Sophie was Queen of Denmark from 1523 until 1533. She married Frederick I and they had six children. She lived separately from her husband during his reign as king.

Portrait of Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg (1511 - 1571). Dorothea was Queen of Denmark from 1534 until 1559. She was married to Christian III and they had five children.

Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portrait of Christian III of Denmark (1503 - 1559). King of Denmark and Norway from 1534 until his death in 1559. He was married to Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg and had five children.

Portrait of Sophia of Sweden (1547 - 1611). Daughter of Gustav I and Margaret Leijonhufvud. She married Magnus II of Saxe-Lauenburg, who abused her until she was driven insane. Her brother John III forced her husband to leave her in 1578.

Princess Sophia of Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia