Machu Picchu, "City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca World. Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
The 5000-year-old 626-hectare archaeological site of The Sacred City of Caral-Supe in Peru, is situated on a dry desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Supe river. It dates back to the Late Archaic Period of the Central Andes and is the oldest centre of civilization in the Americas.
Formative Period Xochipala figurine, 1500 B.C to 200 C.E., Mexico. "Expressive gestures, naturalistic forms of hair, breasts, and plastic arms and legs make early and rare Xochipala figures among the finest ceramic works of the ancient New World." "These primal works of superb technical virtuosity represent some of the greatest ceramic figurines in all of the vast body of Mesoamerican art." wiki quotes
Summer of 1944, a German merchant, Waldemar Julsrud, made a discovery that has caused a stir in the scientific community. Waldemar Julsrud was riding his horse along the lower slope of El Toro Mountain near the town of Acambaro, Mexico, when he noticed something unusual poking out of the dirt (35). He tore into the ground and unearthed a few ceramic objects unlike anything he had ever seen before. His discovery led to the excavation of over 33,500 ceramic, stone, and jade figurines and artifacts
Codex Mendoza (1542) - An Aztec codex, detailing military conquests and daily routine, created about twenty years after the Spanish conquest of Mexico with the intent that it be seen by Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. En route to its commissioner it was stolen by the French, and finally ended up in a library in England
A small 1,200-year-old theatre, probably used as a political tool, has been found at Plan de Ayutla in Chiapas, Mexico. It was a unique theater, since it was found in an acropolis, 137 feet above the other plazas. The stage lay within a palace complex. Located near the North Acropolis, the theater was enclosed by buildings dating to 250-550 B.C. on all sides. A 26-foot-long façade of one of these buildings was torn down around 850 A.D. to create the forum and make it work as an acoustic shell.
One of two pre-hispanic stone sculptures that were found in the archeological site of Tonina, near Ocosingo, southern Mexico is seen Wednesday, July 6, 2011. According to Mexico's National Institute of History and Anthropology, INAH, the 1,300-year-old limestone sculptures of captured Mayan warriors could shed light on the alliances and wars among Mayan cities during the civilization's twilight [Credit: AP/Moyses Zuniga]