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Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223 – 24/25 June 1291) was Queen consort of England, as the spouse of King Henry III of England, from 1236 until his death in 1272. Although she was completely devoted to her husband, she was very much hated by the Londoners. This was because she had brought a large number of relatives with her to England in her retinue; these were known as "the Savoyards", and they were given influential positions in the government and realm.

Blanche d' Artois b 1248 d 1302 Queen Consort of Henry I King of Navarre,2nd wife of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet. Though er daughter,Joan of Navarre and her son Henry Plantagenet .. _____________________________23rd Great Grandmother

Eleanor de Montfort (1215-1275) was the youngest daughter of King John of England & the sister of King Henry III. After being widowed at 16, Eleanor was entitled to a large estate, but Henry III gave her an unsatisfactory settlement, despite there being a law in England that entitled widows to 1/3 of their husband's estate. She would fight the crown for her rightful inheritance for the rest of her life.

Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291). She was a daughter of Sovereign Count Ramon Berenguer IV and his wife, Beatrice of Savoy. She was Queen of England (1236-1272) as the wife of King Henry III. Her children were King Edward I, Edmund The 1st Earl of Lancaster, and The Princesses Margaret and Beatrice. [19th century portrait]. My 21st paternal great grandmother.

The Most Powerful Women Rulers in History- Part I | Queen Eleanor (born 1122), ruled April 1, 1204, as wife of King Henry II. Was the most richest and most powerful woman of her time.

Alienòr (c. 1122-1204), Sovereign Duchess of Aquitaine (1137-1204) in her own right. She was a daughter of Sovereign Duke Guilhèm X and his wife, Aénor of Châtellerault. She was Queen of the Franks (1137-1152) as wife of King Louis VII; The Duchess of Normandy (1152-1154) and Queen of England (1154-1189) as wife of King Henry II. Her children were Marie & Alix of France, Sovereign Count William IX of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Kings Richard I & John I, & Geoffrey, Matilda, Eleanor, & Joan.

October 8, 1200: Isabella of Angouleme crowned Queen Consort of England. She is called the Helen of the Middle Ages. At the age of 12, already renowned for her beauty, she broke her engagement to a French count and married King John of England. Later, after John's death, she would marry that count, and engage in conspiracies against the French king.

Ferdinand III,(1199 – 1252) was King of Castile from 1217, King of León from 1230 & King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León & Berenguela of Castile. Thru his 2nd marriage he was also Count of Aumale. Ferdinand III was one of the most successful kings of Castile, securing not only the permanent union of the crowns of Castile and León, but also masterminding the most expansive campaign of Reconquista yet. He married 2x & had 15 children, including Eleanor, Queen of England

Louis VIII, the Lion (1187 - 1226). King of France from 1223 to 1226. He married Blanche of Castile and had five surviving children. He invaded England in 1216 trying to take the English throne. He was successful until King John of England, and then the barons supported Henry III of England. He died from dysentery in 1226. Also the Magna Carta limited John's powers.

Henry III of England - Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and successor of John as King of England, reigning for 56 years from 1216 until his death. His contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester.

Pietro Cavallini ~ The Last Judgement (detail), Church of Santa Cecilia, Trastevere, Rome, 1290s

Arm Reliquary of Saint Pantaleon. Late 13th century, Rhenish

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the first Welsh Prince of Wales (1223-1282)

Ring brooch, gold, set with rubies and saphires. The small-scale brooch set on the front with four rubies in rectangular settings alternating with six settings comprising two small collets each set with sapphires, flanking a pierced oval opening. The front is decorated with punch work, the reverse is plain. England, ca 1275-1300

An aerial view of Old Sarum, Wiltshire, UK showing the motte and bailey castle and the remains of the Bishop's Palace. The Bishop's seat was transferred to nearby Salisbury in 1219 which gradually led to the decline of the Old Sarum site. When the settlement grew too big they needed to relocate so they decided to fire an arrow and where it landed they would build the new settlement, the arrow hit a deer and where the deer died they built Salisbury Cathedral

Simone Martini (1285–1344) The Angel of the Annunciation

Blue silk robe Central Asia, possibly 13th century Woven silk (Yuan) (Chinese?)

Thirteenth century plates recovered from a silted-up well in Spitalfields, London. They are believed to have belonged to the inmates of the long-gone Hospital of St Mary Spital, which gave its name to Spitalfields; they still display ridges from the lathe, Almost no trace remains above ground of the ancient Hospital of St Mary yet, in Spital Square, the roads still follow the ground plan laid laid out in 1197, with the current entrance from Bishopsgate coinciding to the gate of the Priory.

13th century men’s tunic from the book Falconry Book of Frederick II. Image source ~ wikipedia. -Split front