۩ Archaeology and Anthropology ۩
Paddle Doll, Egypt, 2030–1802 B.C.E. The so-called paddle doll consists of a flat piece of wood depicting the torso, rudimentary arms and neck of a woman, with a thick shock of "hair" made of beads strung on linen thread. The body is often painted with jewelry, textile patterns or tattoos. Contrary to their name, these "dolls" were not toys. The key-hole shape of the body is similar to the counterpoise of the menat necklaces that were used as percussion instruments during religious ceremonies.
Paddle Doll | Middle Kingdom | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Ancient Egyptian music notation from a set of 6 parchments described by German musicologist Hans Hickmann in his 1956 book Musicologie Pharaonique, or Music under the Pharaohs, as dating from the 5th to 7th centuries C.E. Colors are presumed to indicate pitch and size to indicate duration. Presumably in New York's Metropolitan Museum collections. This image comes from Theresa Sauer's book Notations 21.
"The Irish Deer or Giant Deer was a species of Megaloceros and one of the largest deer that ever lived. Its range extended across Eurasia, from Ireland to east of Lake Baikal, during the Late Pleistocene. The latest known remains of the species have been carbon dated to about 7,700 years ago." More at the post. Text & image via vincentkhoo819
The Irish elk is also known as the giant deer (Megaloceros giganteus). Analysis of ancient bones and teeth by scientists based in Britain and Russia show the huge herbivore survived until about 5,000 B.C. It stood 7 feet at the shoulder. Adult males had massive antlers that spanned 12 feet.
PangkahBulat Blog: BERAKHIR PENUH TANDA TANYA
1,500-year-old metal claws found in Moche tomb intrigue Peruvian archaeologists.
1,500-Year-Old Claws Intrigue Archaeologists in Peru - NBC News
DISCOVERING FOSSILS | Public Fossil Hunting Trips
Early humans and sabre-tooths co-existed 300,000 years ago - Scientists of the Lower Saxony Heritage Authority and of the University of Tübingen excavating at the Schöningen open-cast coal mine in north-central Germany have discovered the remains of a sabre-toothed cat preserved in a layer some 300,000 years old – the same stratum in which wooden spears were found, indicating that early humans also inhabited the area, which at that time was the bank of a shallow lake.
Early humans and sabre-tooths co-existed 300,000 years ago
A new analysis of dog and wolf DNA collected from animals in areas of the world thought to be centers of dog domestication suggests that dogs and wolves split from a common ancestor between 9,000 and 34,000 years ago. This date is before the human transition to agricultural societies, indicating that the earliest dogs may have lived with hunter-gatherers.
The Elephant Bird of Madagascar (Aepyornis) was the biggest bird that ever lived towering 10' in the air and weighing more than half a ton. Hunted to extinction some 300 yrs ago, scientists have now discovered how to extract DNA from ancient fossilized egg shells. This elephant bird's egg could have made 30 omelets! http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/03/09/rspb.2009.2019.full #Egg #Elephant_Bird
The Elephant Bird of Madagascar (Aepyornis) was the biggest bird that ever lived towering 10' in the air and weighing more than half a ton. Hunted to extinction some 300 yrs ago, scientists have now discovered how to extract DNA from ancient fossilized egg shells. rspb.royalsociety...
Extinct elephant bird of Madagascar could live again - Telegraph
Footprint of a child from Chauvet, c. 30,000 bce. "His second toe was longer than the big toe, giving him what sculptors call a Grecian foot, which in Athenian times was always thought to be a sign of good breeding."
Visiting the Cave Art Paintings of the Chauvet Cave - Page 4
The myth: Neanderthals couldn’t speak; they grunted It has been long believed that Neanderthals couldn’t speak like humans – having only a basic capacity for sound in their throats, but in 1983, scientists found a Neanderthal hyoid bone at a cave in Israel which was identical to that of modern humans. This means that their capacity for speech is the same as our own. There is no reason to believe that they did not have at least a basic system of vocal communication.
Top 10 Misconceptions About Neanderthals - Listverse
The last Neanderthals had passed by southern Iberia quite earlier than previously thought, approximately 45,000 years ago and not 30,000 years ago as it has been estimated until recently. The new finding casts doubt on the theory that modern humans and Neanderthals coexisted in Iberia during the Upper Pleistocene.
Neanderthals Died Out Earlier Than Thought
The skeletal remains of an individual living in northern Italy 40,000-30,000 years ago are believed to be that of a human/Neanderthal hybrid, according to a paper in PLoS ONE. If further analysis proves the theory correct, the remains belonged to the first known such hybrid, providing direct evidence that humans and Neanderthals interbred. Prior genetic research determined the DNA of people with European and Asian ancestry is 1 to 4 percent Neanderthal.
Archaeology in Europe News
In September 1940, four boys and a dog set out on an adventure in Dordogne, France. Robot the dog ran ahead and stopped at an overgrown depression. When the boys decided to explore the hole, they slid into a deep underground chamber where they discovered the most famous cave paintings in the world- the Lascaux Cave Paintings. In this photo, Robot the dog with two of the four cave's discoverers.
Baffling 400,000-Year-Old Clue to Human Origins. Scientists have found the oldest DNA evidence yet of humans’ biological history. But instead of neatly clarifying human evolution, the finding is adding new mysteries. The fossil, found in Spain, had previously seemed to many experts to belong to a forerunner of Neanderthals. But its DNA tells a very different story. It most closely resembles DNA from an enigmatic lineage of humans known as Denisovans. click through
Baffling 400,000-Year-Old Clue to Human Origins
World's oldest string found at French Neanderthal site. At 90,000 years old, it predates the arrival of Homo sapiens in Europe. That means the Neanderthals occupying the French site learned to make it themselves, rather than imitating modern humans. Growing evidence suggests our extinct cousins developed a number of sophisticated behaviours – and perhaps even taught some skills to our species when the two met. Click through
Earlier reconstructions showed Lucy, who is an example of one of Homo sapiens’ ancestors Australopithecus afarensis, with a cone-shaped thorax and potbelly. In the last few years, researchers have found additional ribs and a new foot bone of A. afarensis. The ribs were curved, which translates to a barrel-shaped thorax like modern humans, while the foot bone showed a distinct arch.
America was first discovered by Stone Age hunters from Europe, according to new archaeological evidence. Across six locations on the U.S. east coast, several dozen stone tools have been found. After close analysis it was discovered that they were between 19,000 and 26,000 years old and were a European-style of tool.
One million-year-old settlement uncovered in Britain Archaeologists believe they have found the birthplace of British civilisation, and it is underneath a £15-a-night caravan park in Norfolk, England. Discoveries at the site include one million-year-old artefacts and fossilised animal remains, which are the oldest ever found in the UK.
DNA test of 7,000-year-old tooth overturns popular image of light-skinned European hunter-gatherers~The DNA threw up a series of surprises. When Lalueza-Fox looked at the genome, he found that rather than having light skin, the man had gene variants that tend to produce much darker skin. Another surprise finding was that the man had blue eyes.