A 1942 photo of Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst - members of the student resistance group, “White Rose”. The group distributed pamphlets across Germany appealing to the public’s sense of moral duty, calling for resistance to the Nazi dictatorship, and demanding an end to the war. Sophie would be caught and reported to the Gestapo on the 18th of February, 1943 at Ludwig Maximilians University. All three would then be sentenced 5 days later and beheaded. George Witt
From left: Dr. Josef Mengele, Rudolph Hoess, and Josef Kramer. Hoess, infamous Commandant of Auschwitz during it's most active period, confessed to overseeing the murder of two and a half million Jews. Kramer, "The Beast of Belsen," was commandant of Bergen-Belsen, and responsible for tens of thousands of deaths. Both Commandants were executed by the Allies.
This picture is of the German Secret Police, the Gestapo, doing what they usually do. They are infamous for barging into homes, arresting, and then jailing or killing those inside. The Gestapo did all this legally, even without any judicial proceedings. They were essentially allowed to do anything that they wanted, and being a group dominated by Nazis, the Gestapo arrested millions of people that were either Jewish or different in a way not approved by the Nazis.
Polish priest who was oldest surviving prisoner at Dachau concentration camp dies aged 100 ~ World War II
A group of young children gaze out at the photographer just prior to their execution by an Einsatzkommando. An estimated one million Jewish children died in the Holocaust, most of them in the gas chambers of the death camps. As the Germans swept into Soviet territory, they sometimes turned the task of killing Jewish children over to their Ukrainian allies. (Photo: Central State Archive of Film, Photo and Phonographic Documents / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archive.)
“The world must know what happened, and never forget.” At the end of the Second World War, General Ike Eisenhower made the decision to personally visit as many Nazi concentration camps as he possibly could. His reason? He felt compelled to document the camps, their appalling conditions, and the brave souls who survived them. He anticipated a time when the Nazi atrocities might be downplayed or even denied, and as such ordered the filming and photographing of camps as they were liberated.
March 1944: A child in the Ozarichy hostage holding camp tries to wake up his mother, who has been murdered by the Germans. Ozarichy in Kalinkovichy region of Belarus was large fenced-in area on the German front line holding local civilians as human shields against Soviet attacks. The hostages were left without shelter, food, and water and were decimated by exposure, gunfire, and hunger. When Soviet troops finally defeated the Germans in the area, they found 15,960 children among the hostages.
One of the only three photographs documenting the murder of the victims and the cremation of the bodies in the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. The pictures were taken by stealth by a member of the Sonderkommando and smuggled out by the international underground operating in the camp. The picture shows the cremation pits ... which were used when the crematoria in the camp were not functioning. A former Sonderkommando member, Alter Fajnzylberg, later described how the picture was taken at crematorium V.
"How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause? Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?" -- Sophie Scholl's last words prior to execution for her part in the White Rose resistence to the Nazis in Germany.