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Photo: Martinca With its green skin and lightening-like protrusions, this little seahorse is certainly spectacular! In fact, it almost looks a little supernatural. Either that, or like a very strange fruit growing off that stalk it’s clinging to.

The main threats facing them are the destruction of their environment and their harvesting by humans for use in medicines and aquariums. CITES (the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) currently regulate their import and export, but some countries – namely Japan, Indonesia, Norway and South Korea – refuse to recognize these trade rules. Photo: Kirsten Storm

Photo: Peter Liu Photography The Pacific seahorse, or Hippocampus ingens – like this strikingly colored example – is one of the biggest seahorse species. Pacific seahorses can grow up to 7.5 inches (19 centimeters) long! While this isn’t quite as big as the foot-long pot-bellied seahorse, it's still pretty impressive.