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1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 12 represents a border of feathers surmounted by half shell plaiting. The latter is usually made of double material, each one by itself and tacked to position, the feather band covering the raw edges.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 3 pictures a narrow plaiting, showing the material arranged at intervals in under-folded triple box plaits, tacked just below the top and spreading out in fan fashion, the folds of the upper plaits on the outside being caught up to present the flare illustrated. Length of material required, twice around the skirt, or two yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 18 represents a ruffle with a ribbon garniture. The lower edge of the ribbon is fastened to the skirt, and finished at the upper edge of the ruffle with a bow. Length of material required for ruffle, one and a half times around the skirt, or one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 26 illustrates a pretty trimming made of narrow velvet ribbon. The pattern must be marked upon the skirt before the ribbon is arranged.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. In figure 6 is shown a plaiting in which the material is laid in triple box-plaits and tacked firmly through the centre to produce the effect illustrated. The edges may be frayed out or pinked. This will give a pretty effect, especially if the material employed is silk. Length of material required, three times around the skirt, or three yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 5 wide shell plaiting. Take a double strip of material as wide as desired, and make groups of three overlapping plaits in it at equal intervals, tacking the plaits only at the centre of the strip. Catch the top and bottom of the outer fold in each cluster of plaits together, and tack them at this point to the centre of the next group of plaits, to form a shell. Length of material required, two and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.

1895. The Art of Dressmaking. Figure 30 portrays a neat garniture for wash dresses. The ruffles are edged with embroidery, and a row of embroidery is sewed across the top edge. Clusters of baby ribbon add the finishing touches. Lace may be applied instead of embroidery. Length of material required, one and a half times around the skirt, or one and a half yards to make one yard of trimming.