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Byzantine/Romanesque Costume History

Byzantine/Romanesque - Early Middle Ages - c 300-1300 - Cedarville University, Costume History Course Board, Fall 2012

Crusaders returning from the holy lands flaunted a new shoe style for men that featured curled-back, pointy toes (known as poulaines). In the 14th and 15th centuries the fashion evolved. Toes grew and grew until some men sported points two feet long that had to be tied to their garters. These points made it hard to walk without tripping. www.sarahalbeeboo...

1220, Gloves of the Holy Roman Emperor. Kunsthistorische Museum, Vienna. www.virtue.to/...

Eagle Dalmatic, South German, 1st half of 14th c. Chinese purple damask, c. 1300; gold and silk embroidery. www.virtue.to/...

"On the back of the medallions the emperor is shown in military dress, standing in a chariot drawn by four horses. He holds a globe surmounted by a small Nike offering a crown of victory. To his side is a Christogram, symbolizing the religion of the Byzantine state."

"On the front is a bust of him; he is in imperial dress and holds the mappa, or white handkerchief, with which a new consul opened the games that he was required to stage for the populace of Constantinople."

Girdle with Coins and Medallions, ca. 583. Byzantine; Found in 1902 at Karavás, Cyprus (reassembled after discovery). Gold. .... "Old coins were frequently used for jewelry, since under later rulers their historic value and their worth in gold often exceeded their worth as currency. All the coins and medallions are stamped CONOB, an abbreviation for Constantinopolis obryzum ("pure gold of Constantinople"), indicating that they were minted in the capital." [Go Green!] lol.

"Casket with Warriors and Dancers, carved 11th century Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople. Bone, copper gilt " & "Classical literature and classical images were preserved throughout the Byzantine period." - however the narration further explained some humor of the figures as they seem to face & react to each other around the sides -- claiming the piece to belong to a private citizen.

Found this fascinating! =D (Former pin description): "Palatine Chapel was the royal chapel of the Norman kings of Sicily. It combines a variety os styles: Norman architecture, Arabic arches, Byzantine mosaics. It's exceptional!"

"One of the most admired Byzantine paintings, the late 13th century Virgin and Child known as the Kahn Madonna (National Gallery of Art, Washington). The work is said to reflect the Italian influence being felt in the Byzantine world at this time."

Byzantine Period. Empress, elaborate jeweled garment. wearing a Pallium/lorum ("heavily jeweled scarf... official insignia of the emperor.") Notice the hair isn't covered -- yet.

Byzantine inspired fashion. Just thought this sweet.

Found the picture from our book's chapter!! ... Wish I could find the direct source. "Early middle ages"/Byzantine Empire. I would say high West-influence. Yet take a look at the hight of their tunics... & their decorated leggings (stockings). ;D (Makes me think this is from the earlier Byzantine centuries rather than later).

Icon with the Virgin and Child, carved mid-10th–11th century Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople Ivory This statue follows a very widespread Byzantine image type called the Virgin Hodegetria ("she who guides"), in which the Virgin holds the Christ Child on her left arm. Christ appears in a chiton and himation, while holding a rotulus, attributes of a classical philosopher that were adopted from Hellenistic art.

Three Holy Women at the Sepulcher, early 10th century Northern Italy (Milan?) Elephant ivory This ivory plaque representing the Easter miracle of Christ's resurrection from the dead probably once served as part of a decorative cover for a liturgical manuscript.

Square-Headed Brooch, 6th century Anglo-Saxon Copper alloy with gilding and niello inlay. This large gilded brooch, which would have been used to secure a cloak, displays the Anglo-Saxon preference for lavish decoration with a particular emphasis on fantastic animal forms. Dark strips of niello inlay frame its richly faceted surface, which is further animated by beast heads, many with bird beaks, projecting from the edges.

Byzantine frescoes in the 11th–12th-century Church of Panayia Phorviotissa in Asinou, near Nikitari, Cyprus. Some paintings date from the period of the church’s construction, and others have been dated to the 14th century.

Head of a Woman, ca. 530-540

Head of Empress Flaccilla ca. 380-390

The Baptism of Clovis, painted around 1500 by Master of Saint Giles. Clovis (d. 511) was the founder of the Merovingian dynasty and the first Christian king of France. The setting for his baptism can be recognized as Sainte-Chapelle, the royal chapel on the Ile-de-la-Cité in Paris. Among the witnesses is his wife, Clothilde, who was largely responsible for his conversion.

Franciscan Missal,14th Century I thought this may be an example of Biblical characters or saints being depicted in Roman garb.

Pope John VII 705-06 I'm going to hazard a guess that he is wearing a chasuble and a stole.