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Sumerian Archeology

Before Inanna/Ishtar, the Goddess of Love and War, and Enheduanna´s writings, the most powerful image of the Divine Feminine in Mesopotamia was Ninhursag-Ki.

Ninhursag -

Cylinder Seal Mesopotamia, Agade period, about 2334-2154 B.C. Tools and Equipment; seals Black serpentine Height: 7/8 in. (2.3 cm); Diameter: 13/16 in. (2.1 cm) Gift of Nasli M. Heeramaneck (M.76.174.357) Art of the Ancient Near East

Cylinder Seal | LACMA Collections

A Hurrian foundation deposit known as the "Urkish Lion" Period of the Empire of Ur III, 21st century BC Probably Tell Mozan, northeast Syria Copper and limestone The Urkish Lion: H. 12.2 cm; W. 8.5 cmThe Tablets: copper tablet: W. 8.5 cm; limestone tablet: W. 10 cm Gift of the Friends of the Louvre, 1948 | Louvre Museum | Paris

Gold Amulet of Lama Old Babylonian (c.2000-1750 BC) This amulet is a representation of the Babylonian goddess Lama wearing a four horned headdress. She holds her hands up pleading on the behalf of the person who dedicated this object in a temple or shrine. She wears a heavy necklace and a special “flounced” garment. Her figure also appears on Mesopotamian cylinder seals. (Source: The British Museum)

A circular cuneiform tablet from Lagash in Iraq, dating to approximately 1980 B.C.E.

SUMER - Nippur Temple excavations in 1899/1900. Nippur was the principal center of scribal training in the Old Babylonian period. The tablets excavated there provided the basis for recent research on mathematical education and curriculum

Two Mesopotamian stone cylinder seals pendants, Late Akkadian - Old Babylonian, circa 2100-1600 B.C.

Female head with diadem, Neo-Assyrian, ca 8th c. BCE, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Iraq. The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York, USA.

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Nippur, circa 1899, the principal center of scribal training in the Old Babylonian period, where tablets were excavated.

In the 6th century Ctesiphon was one of the largest city in the world and one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia. Because of its importance, Ctesiphon was a major military objective for the Roman Empire and was captured by Rome, and later the Byzantine Empire, five times. Located in Iraq, the only visible remain today is the great arch Taq-i Kisra

34 Lost Cities Forgotten by Time

A MESOPOTAMIAN ELECTRUM TORQUE AND PENDANT EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD, CIRCA 2550-2400 B.C. The torque formed from two separately-made bronze cores each wrapped with ribbed electrum sheet, both with the plain terminals coiled back, the two pinned together near the terminals and along the length, now joined to a pendant formed from two lengths of wire twisted together to form a vertical center, the four ends each coiled into cones

Babylonian Stone weight in the shape of a Grasshopper. Culture : Mesopotamian. Period : Babylonian, 18th-17th Century B.C. Material : Haematite.

Jarmo Settlement: Mesopotamia, 7090-4950 BC. The world’s first agricultural community, consisting of a permanent settlement of about 150 people, Jarmo is also one of the oldest sites where pottery has been found. It is located in N Iraq in the foothills of Zagros Mtns E of Kirkuk City, on app 3-4 acres. It lies at an altitude of 2600' above sea level in a belt of oak / pistachio woodlands

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust…This is Uruk, the world’s first great city, home of Gilgamesh, hero of the world’s first great work of literature

Ceremonial macehead, Sumerian pre-Sargonic, from Luristan, circa 2,500 BC.

Ancient Song Recreated From 3,400-Year-Old Cuneiform Tablets...An example of the type of instrument that would have been used to play the Hurrian hymn, a rendering of an ancient Babylonian santur. (Wikimedia Commons) Left: Sheet music (Thinkstock) Background: Cuneiform tablet (Shutterstock*)

Nineveh. Mashki Gate. Iraq Nineveh was one of the oldest and greatest cities in antiquity. The area was settled as early as 6000 BC and, by 3000 BC, had become an important religious center for worship of the Assyrian goddess Ishtar. The early city (and subsequent buildings) were constructed on a fault line and, consequently, suffered damage from a number of earthquakes. One such event destroyed the first temple of Ishtar which was then rebuilt in 2260 BC by the Akkadian king Manishtusu.

3100-2900 BCE, Uruk, the oldest written tablets in Mesopotamia. This fits well with some Sumerian legends that make this town the invention of writing.

Female amuletic Idol. Most probably shell. Mesopotamia, Early Dynastic Period, 3rd millenium BC.

Rhea Gallery - Inventory - Female amuletic Idol.

The "Stele of the Vultures," is the oldest known historiographic document.This is a Sumerian inscription that narrates the recurrent wars between the neighboring Sumerian city-states of Lagash and Umma, and records the victory won by Eannatum, king of Lagash, who ruled around 2450 BC.It shows king Eannatum marching at the head of his troops, who advance in a tight phalanx, trampling over the dead bodies of the enemy.

UR, MESOPOTAMIA STATUE 3RD-2ND MILL.BCE Statue of the goddess Narundi, part of the statuary ordered by king Puzur-Inshushinak of Ur-Nammu (2111-2094 BCE). The goddess wears a woollen garment, a kaunakes,and sits on a lion-throne. See 08-02-12/27 Limestone, 109 cm, Sb 54 Louvre, Departement des Antiquites Orientales, Paris, France

Statuette of an Assyrian king, 9th century BCE, amber with gold

Statuette of an Assyrian king | MFA for Educators

Tribute bearer with an oryx, a monkey, and a leopard skin Period: Neo-Assyrian Date: ca. 8th century B.C. Geography: Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu) Culture: Assyrian Medium: Ivory

A Mesopotamian cylinder seal at the Morgan Library and Museum, showing a scorpion.