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The Sumerian Stele of the Vultures commemorates Lagash's victory against the neighboring city of Umma. Their dispute was over Guedena, the fertile fields between them. In c. 2450 BCE, relations soured after a border dispute. Lagash king Eannatum, inspired by Lagash patron god Ningirsu, set out with his army to defeat them. When they met, Eannatum dismounted from his chariot and led his men on foot in a dense phalanx. This is one of the earliest known organized battles.

Vulture Stele Translation

ancient-mesopotamia: Molded plaque: bearded underworld god, Old Babylonian, ca 2000-1600 BC, Mesopotamia. Picture: MMA, NY

The doorway at the Temple of Jupiter, Baalbek, Syria

Nineveh: The White Obelisk, Assyrian ca1050BC. The inscription names Ashurnasirpal (probably Ashurnasirpal I - 1049-1031BC. He is shown in his chariot, fighting, hunting and taking part in ritual scenes

Sumerian bas relief of musicians. Ur, hometown of Patriarch Abraham C.2500 BC

MesopotamiaDiv1 - Music of Mesopotamia

The Ziggurat at Ur, Iraq - this ziggurat was erected to the moon god Nanna and was built by Ur-Nammu around 2113-2096 B.C.

Sumer: the Ziggurat of Enlil at Nippur, 3rd millennium BCE. Situated 150 kilometers southeast of Baghdad in Iraq, Nippur was centrally placed and as the center of a city-state it played a special role in the life of Sumer as a religious city and centre of the worship of the deity Enlil.

Head of a woman wearing a turban, Sumer. The Louvre.

Property of the Mesopotamian Moon God This alabaster goblet from Ur bears a simple inscription in Sumerian cuneiform that reads, “Property of Nanna”. Nanna was the Sumerian name of the moon god (Akkadian “Sîn”), the titular deity of the city of Ur whose name appears in the second line in each photo above. The greatest number of references to and indications of the worship of the moon god come from the Third Dynasty of Ur. (Source) Ur, probably c. 2100-2000.

A defeated enemy herds a ram that is garlanded for the sacrifice during the victory celebration of the Sumerian king.

What battle is depicted on Sargon's Victory Stele?

Boat Lyre, with a standing stag figurine. It is called a "boat lyre" because of its shape. The Royal Tombs of Ur

Lyres from The Royal Tombs of Ur

1800-1600 BCE. Old Babylonian Mastiff Mesopotamia; relief plaque shows a dog with open mouth, large jowls and a raised tail. Related to the modern breed of mastiffs, the dog wears a collar and walks to the right. This is the sacred animal of Gula, goddess of healing.


The Mask of Uruk/Warka, front part of woman's head, Late Uruk, c. 3000 BCE. Part of wider composite image, flat back presumably attached to something. Eyes likely shell, lapis.

Sumerian dagger and sheath from Ur - Iraz Museum

Sumerian Dagger and Sheath from Ur

Stone frog, ca. 2,000-1,600 BCE, with Akkadian inscription that indicates it is a unit of weight equal to 10 'minas,' the Mesopotamian unit of measure, weighing about 500 grams (18 ounces). The weight system was based on the talent or the average load that could be carried by a man or animal (about 30 kilograms). According to the Sumerian sexagesimal system, the talent was divided into 60 minas, and a mina was divided into 60 shekels.

Eridu is an ancient Sumerian city which was long considered the earliest city in southern Mesopotamia, and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world.Eridu,could mean "mighty place" or "guidance place". In the Sumerian king list, Eridu is named as the city of the first kings.The king list continues:In Eridu, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years.In Sumerian mythology, Eridu was the home of the Abzu temple of the deity Enki.

Votive cudgel,decorated with an animal-drawn chariot. Sumerian pre-Sargonic, from Luristan, 2500-2400 BCE. Period of Archaic Dynasties. Bronze, L:13,4 cm AO 24 792 Louvre, Departement des Antiquites Orientales, Paris, France

File:Mesopotamian - Cylinder Seal with Archer and Winged Lion - Walters 421195 - Side E.jpg

Openwork scarab of green jasper imitating Mesopotamian drilled art style 7th Century BC Assyrian (Source: The British Museum)

Kudurru del rey Meli-Shipak II (Babilonia Cassita, S.XIV a.C. París, Museo del Louvre). En el S.XII fue llevada a Susa como botín de guerra. Sus relieves se dividen en 5 registros ordenados donde se representaron los símbolos de 24 divinidades astrales. En la franja superior el creciente lunar que representa a Sin, dios de la luna, la estrella de Venus como a Ishtar, y el disco solar del dios Shamash entre otros.

Ebla was an ancient city about 55 km (34 mi) southwest of Aleppo. It was an important city-state in two periods, first in the late third millennium BC, then again between 1800 and 1650 BC. The site is most famous for the Ebla tablets, an archive of about 20,000 cuneiform tablets found there, dated from around 2250 BC, written in Sumerian script to record the Eblaite language — a previously unknown language that is now the earliest attested Semitic language after the closely related Akkadian.

Enannatum, Ruler of Lagash Fragment of a stone depicting Enannatun,a sumerian king of Kingdom of Lagash.Found at the religious center of the Lagash state,ancient city of Girsu,known today as Tello,southerm Iraq. About 2450-2300 BC