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Billy Strayhorn....Duke Ellington's musical partner for more than 25 years. Musical genius, openly gay with no shame, human rights advocate, life long smoker which eventually killed him at a young age.

Jovita Idar: She bucked the all-male rule at her father's newspapers in the early 1900s by writing about the horrid conditions under which Mexican-American children were being taught. During the Mexican Revolution, she exposed the Texas Rangers for lynching scores of children, women & men who were crossing the border to seek refuge. During this time, she also organized The White Cross to aid the wounded in both the US and Mexico. Later, she co-founded The League of Mexican Women.

"Anthropologist Germaine Tillion was a commander in the French Resistance network of Musée de l'Homme in Paris. Her missions included helping prisoners escape and organising intelligence for allied forces. Betrayed by a priest, she was sent to Ravensbrück, with her mother. In 1973, she published Ravensbruck, detailing both her experiences as well as her research into the functioning of the camps, movements of prisoners, administrative operations and crimes committed by the SS."


Crystal Lee Sutton: Sutton (a mother of three) earned a paltry $2.65 an hour and endured awful conditions, so she worked to unite her fellow employees for better representation. The company fired her and had police escort her out, but within a year the plant was unionized. Her story was turned into the 1979 Sally Field movie Norma Rae

Crystal Lee Sutton: Moms Who Fought Authority -

July 10 - Educator and civil rights leader Mary McLeod Bethune was born today in 1875! She founded the Daytona Educational and Industrial Training School, a private school for African-American girls in Daytona Beach, Florida in 1904. The school later grew into Bethune-Cookman University.

Jackie Ormes was the first African-American female cartoonist. Ormes' cartoon characters — Torchy Brown, Candy, Patty-Jo & Ginger — delighted readers of African-American newspapers such as the Chicago Defender and Pittsburgh Courier between 1937-56.

HELEN KELLER 1948 by Yousuf Karsh

"Ethelyn Mildred Taylor Chisum (1895-1983) was a black teacher and administrator. She was born in Dallas on June 9, 1895. After graduating from Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College in 1913, she taught in the public schools in Texas (1916–23). She served as president of the Dallas Teachers Council, an affiliate of the National Education Association, from 1948-1958 and as an advisor to the council from 1959-1965. She was the NEA membership chairwoman for North Texas from 1955-1960."

Today in 1759 British writer & founding feminist philosopher Mary Wollstonecraft was born. (via @A Mighty Girl). During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children's book. Wollstonecraft is best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education.

Mary Wollstonecraft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bessie Coleman, pilot. Inspired by World War I pilots, she became the first African American woman ever to earn a pilot’s license. Barred from flying schools in the United States, she learned French and moved to France to learn to navigate a plane at Caudron Brother’s School of Aviation. Her specialty was stunt flying and parachuting earning her the nickname Queen Bess. In 1922, she was the first African American woman to have a public flight in the United States.

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 — November 7, 1962) was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, from 1933 to 1945 during her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt's four terms in office. She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences and speak at a national convention. She advocated for expanded roles for women in the workplace, the civil rights of African Americans and Asian Americans, and the rights of World War II refugees.

Civil Rights Activist Amelia Boynton Robinson, 1927. Her history of activism began at age 9 handing out leaflets for Women's Suffrage. A photo of her and another protester beaten unconscious in the street on Bloody Sunday circulated globally, calling attention to protests in Alabama. Ran for the Congress from Alabama in 1964, the 1st female African-American ever to do so & the 1st female of any race to run for the ticket of the Democratic Party in Alabama. As of today she is 101 years old.

About - Amelia Boynton Robinson

Audrey Hepburn actress who worked as an ambassador for UNICEF in disadvantaged communities of Africa, South America and Asia.

Tura Satana She developed breasts very early and, despite being an excellent student, was constantly harassed for her figure and Asian heritage. Walking home from school at the age of nine she was gang raped by five men. According to Satana, her attackers were never prosecuted and it was rumored that the judge had been paid off.[2] She tells how this prompted her to learn the martial arts of aikido and karate and, over the next 15 years, track down each rapist and exact revenge

In 1889 Emmeline Pankhurst founded the Women’s Franchise League, followed by the Women’s Social and Political Union in 1905. She was joined by her daughters Christabel and Sylvia among others in the fight for Women’s Suffrage. Pankhurst’s tactics for drawing attention to the movement led to her being imprisoned several times, and even experienced force-feeding after going on hunger strike several times. She was also instrumental in placing women in men’s jobs during World War 1. She received ...

Top 10 Greatest Women in History - Listverse

Thank You for What You've Done This is heartwarming!

Vote. Our sisters suffered to give us that right.

WWII -- original caption: "Willa Beatrice Brown, a 31-year-old Negro American, serves her country by training pilots for the U.S. Army Air Forces. She is the first Negro woman to receive a commission as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol."