June 15,1844 – Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.Goodyear discovered the vulcanization process accidentally after five years of searching for a more stable rubber. In 1898, almost four decades after his death, The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was founded and named after Goodyear by Frank Seiberling
Thomas Alva Edison (Born 2/11/1847-Died 10/18/1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.
"Ballpoint Pen Inventor and History - Including John Loud"=>
On March 23, 1857, Elisha Otis installed the first safety elevator for passenger service in the store of E.V. Haughwout & Co. in New York City. If the name Otis sounds familiar, that’s because Elisha founded the Otis Elevator Company, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of the aforesaid device. Today’s image is brought to you by the General Research Collection of the Science, Industry and Business Library.
Car Radio: In 1930, Paul and Joseph Galvin, along with William Lear, developed the first automobile dashboard radio and named it the "Motorola," or motorized Victrola—and demonstrated the 5T71 prototype (PHOTO) in a Studebaker.
Born May 7, 1909, physicist and inventor Edwin Land attended Harvard University briefly before setting up his own laboratory to study light polarization and to create filters for sunglasses and cameras. He founded the Polaroid Corporation in 1937 and introduced its instant camera with self-developing film in 1947. Harvard awarded Land an honorary degree in 1957.
Willem Kolff, creator of the first kidney dialysis machinen He supervised the first full implant of an artificial heart in a human patient He lead or contributed to efforts related to other types of artificial organs as well, including artificial ears, electronic artificial eyes, and a membrane oxygenator. His creation allowing for hemodialysis currently keeps more than one million patients worldwide alive.
Milton S. Hershey was known for inventing the Hershey Chocolate Bar and building the Hershey Chocolate Company. In 1912, Hershey paid a $300 deposit for a first class passage on the White Star Line and her newest most extravagant ship, Titanic, for her maiden voyage. However, Hershey never boarded the ship. An employee at his company requested that he return early from a trip in Europe to deal with business. Hershey abandoned his original plans and left Europe three days earlier on The America.