In 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in these caves in the region known as Qumran, next to the Dead Sea. The scrolls are a collection of 972 texts, consisting of Biblical manuscripts from the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament). It has been considered the greatest archaeological discovery of the 20th Century.
Khirbet Qeiyafa pottery altar. Unearthed by Hebrew U., a series of objects testify to the existence of a monotheistic cult in Biblical times and specifically around King David's, suggesting the existence of King David and of what 3 thousand years later became Judaism as we know it. Believe it or not, archeologists do not take these things for granted; more often than not, King David is thought to be but a myth.
The Moabite Stone, also called the Mesha Stela, is an inscribed black basalt monument written in the Moabite language in c. 835 BC. It stands nearly four feet tall and was found in 1868 in the land of ancient Moab, now modern Jordan. It contains references to Biblical figures such as Israelite King Omri and Moabite King Mesha (cf. 1 and 2 Kings), as well as the covenant name of God, YHWH (cf. Exodus 3). It is now located in the Louvre.
The Dead Sea Scrolls have been called the greatest archaeological find of the 20th century. First discovered outside Jerusalem in the late 1940s, this ancient collection of texts includes the oldest known biblical manuscripts, dating back some 2,000 years. Below, find out more about the scrolls and their deep religious and historical significance.
Biblical Archaeology Review. Jan.-Feb. 1990, page 49- "BAR recently published a beautiful carved ivory pomegranate with an important inscription on it. As partially reconstructed, the engraved inscription around the neck of the pomegranate reads as follows: "Belonging to the House of Yahweh Holy to the Priests." Based on this reading, many scholars have concluded that the ivory pomegranate originally came from the Jerusalem Temple constructed by King Solomon.
Shock and Awe: The Exodus Narrative Regular Biblical Archaeology Review contributor Mary Joan Winn Leith provides a fresh perspective on the language and imagery of the Book of Exodus by exploring ancient Egyptian iconography of power and authority. Through their acute awareness of Egyptian propaganda and art, the biblical writers and storytellers successfully inverted the very same imagery to illustrate Pharaoh's ineptitude when confronted by Moses and the Israelite God Yahweh.
The Babylonian Chronicles - make it possible to assign the fall of Jerusalem to the Second of Adar (March 16) in 597 B.C. with complete accuracy, confirming the Biblical accounts of Babylonian attacks on Jerusalem in 597 and 586 B.C. The Babylonian Chronicle records (partial here, see website for full account): "... (Nebuchadnezzar-599BC.) ... king of Babylon ... his army, ... invaded the land of Hatti (Syria/Palestine) ... seige Judah ... took the king prisoner ... sent to Babylon." (Bible 2Kg)
Biblical archaeology - An ossuary bearing the name "Yehochanan" contained the full skeleton of a man crucified in the first century and buried with a bent crucifixion nail through his heel bone. It is the only physical evidence of crucifixion ever discovered.
The storms on Atrea... I would hate to be caught in one of these! Tornado, hurricane and lightning storm all at once!