In 79 CE, the eruption of Vesuvius covered the whole city of Herculaneum in volcanic ash. One home, the Villa of Papyri, contained a library of 1,785 papyrus scrolls. At the time of the eruption, the library was packed in cases ready to be moved to safety when it was overtaken by pyroclastic flow; the eruption charred the scrolls but preserved them— the only surviving library of Antiquity. Modern science has enabled them to be read. Many contain previously unknown works.
'The Stone of the Tree'-the Cloch a Bhile, located at Lough Gur, Co. Limerick. The Cloch a Bhile itself is a large stone (it looks like a tree trunk) which is said to represent a tree growing at the bottom of Lough Gur. At this tree, one could access the Otherworld. It was under the protection of Aine Clí and her son Gearoid Iarla. Nearby, there is still a stone circle, reportedly the largest in Ireland. Were one to climb the branches of this tree, they could access all parts of the Otherworld.
DNA extracted from a young boy who died 24,000 years ago could prove that the first Native Americans were European. The genome of the four-year-old boy, who died in south-central Siberia, is the oldest sequenced to date. It provides an insight into origins of Native Americans, whose ancestors are believed to have travelled across Siberia into the Americas during the Ice Age...
40,000 (not 32,0000) years old: Lion Man sculpture. Photo: Thomas Stephan, © Ulmer Museum. New pieces of Ulm’s Lion Man sculpture have been discovered and it has been found to be much older than originally thought, at around 40,000 years. This makes it the world’s earliest figurative sculpture.
Austrian archducal coronet: 1359-1918. The Austrian archducal coronet is both the ‘crown’ of the Habsburg patrimonial lands (Upper and Lower Austria in the narrower sense) and at the same time the symbol of the title of archduke or archduchess of Austria. This title, which was intended to underscore the special rank of the Habsburgs among the princes of the Empire, was hereditary in the House of Habsburg. Several examples of this coronet were made.
Elizabeth's coat of arms - As a Protestant Queen, Elizabeth was forced to live with the threat of assassination from Catholics throughout her reign. But there was an army of men working in secret to protect the Queen. These were her spies, her secret service, and they were overseen by the most ruthless spy master of them all: Francis Walsingham.
Archaeology Magazine - Bodies of the Bogs - Koelbjerg Woman - the oldest bog body known. We do not know how she met her end, as her bones show no sign of violence. She was, at most, 25 when she died around 8000 B.C. Her body ended up in open water, and the bones were not incorporated in peat until later. She may have simply drowned. (Fyns Stifsmuseum of Denmark, Odense)
Genetic Sequencing Traces Romani/Gypsies Back to Ancient Indian Origin - A new study uses genome-wide sequencing to point to a single group’s departure from northwestern Indian some 1,500 years ago and has also revealed various subsequent population changes as the population spread throughout Europe. Scientific American
Archaeologists in England have discovered evidence of an Iron Age town underneath the remains of a Roman Settlement. Now the team believe they have found evidence of one of Britain’s earliest Iron Age towns with a planned layout. A street-grid was found to have been in place before the Romans came in AD 43. Archaeologists have also discovered evidence of widespread burning at the site.