One person in 17,000 in the U.S.A. has some type of albinism. A common myth is that people with albinism have red eyes. In fact there are different types of albinism and the amount of pigment in the eyes varies. Although some individuals with albinism have reddish or violet eyes, most have blue eyes. Some have hazel or brown eyes. However, all forms of albinism are associated with vision problem.
This ball python (Python regius) has leucism, a genetic condition caused by a recessive allele. Leucism causes all pigments in the body to be reduced. This differs from albinism because in albinos, only melanin production is inhibited. Photograph by Jonny Peace.
Snowflake was an albino Western Lowland Gorilla, and the most popular resident of the Barcelona Zoo in Spain, where he spent most of his life. He was known worldwide, mentioned in tourist guides and put on postcards, becoming the unofficial mascot for the city.
Albinism is a congenital disorder characterized by complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes, due to the absence or defect in an enzyme involved in the production of melanin. ★ ★ The albino animals generally do not survive for long in their natural environment due to its weakness against the Sun's rays and yet because his lack of coloring the exposed easily, want for their prey, or predators.
While most people with albinism are fair in complexion, skin or hair color is not diagnostic of albinism