Uzbekistan’s Fergana Valley is rightly famous for its ikat fabrics – which require infinite skill and patience of its practitioners. Because of its strong links to the past, and the independent, artistic nature of the process, ikat was suppressed in the Soviet era. Current masters (usto in Uzbek) learned from their fathers and grandfathers, who tied and died their complex warp patterns in secret.
Ulug Beg’s Observatory, built in 1430 in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Ulugh Beg was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. He was also notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry.
Abdullah Khan Madrasa, Bukhara, Uzbekistan