Royals - UK - Stuart
House of Stuart - 1603-1714 James 1 (6 of Scotland), Charles 1, Charles 2, James 2, William 3 & Mary 2, Anne
King James I (1603-1625). House of Stuart. 9th great-grandfather to Elizabeth II. Son of Mary Queen of Scots. He was descended through the Scottish kings from Robert the Bruce, and the English Tudors through his great grandmother Margaret Tudor sister of Henry VIII. Reign: 22 yrs, 3 days. Succeeded by son Charles.
Elizabeth Stafford, Duchess of Norfolk (1494 - 1558). Second wife of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. She was one of the two godmothers of the future Queen Elizabeth I. Her marriage was unhappy as her husband lived openly with his mistress and had Elizabeth imprisoned.
The Children of Anne of Denmark and James VI and I: Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales Elizabeth Stuart Margaret Stuart Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland Robert Bruce Stuart, Duke of Kintyre Mary Stuart Sophia Stuart
Anne of Denmark Anne was born on 14 October 1574, at Skanderborg Castle, in Denmark. She was the daughter of Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (4 September 1557 - 14 October 1631) and Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway (1 July 1534 - 4 April 1588).
Anne of Denmark by Paul Van Somer Anne died on 4 March 1619, at Hampton Court Palace. She was buried on 13 May 1619, in King Henry's Chapel, Westminster Abbey. After the death of his wife, King James wrote in respect: "So did my Queen from hence her court remove And left off earth to be enthroned above. She's changed, not dead, for sure no good prince dies, But, as the sun, sets, only for to rise."
Henrietta Maria of France (1609 - 1669). Wife of Charles I. Queen from 1625 - 1649. She loved her husband very much and was devastated when he was executed in 1649. She was unpopular in England for being Catholic. She tried to convert her children to Catholicism and often was at odds with her son, Charles II. She was the mother of Charles II and James II.
Mary Beatrice of Modena (1658 - 1718). Second wife of James II. Queen from 1685 - 1688. When she gave birth to a son her stepdaughter's husband invaded to take over and avoid a Catholic succession. She had two children, who she raised in France after their flight from England.
James Scott, Duke of Monmouth (1649 - 1685). Son of King Charles II and Lucy Walter. He married Anne Scott and had eight children. In his father's reign he spread rumors that his parents had been married, and that he was the rightful heir to the throne. He father banished him but during the reign of James II he tried to overthrow the king and was executed.
Catherine of Braganza (1638 - 1705). Wife of Charles II. Queen from 1662 - 1685. After a miscarriage she never became pregnant again and was afraid Charles would divorce her. He assured her that this would never happen. She did not like that Charles had several mistresses who tried to out shine her, but remained his faithful wife until his death in 1685. She left England during the reign of William III and Mary II because of her Catholicism.
The 'Lyte Jewel' is in fact an enamelled gold locket. The openwork cover, set with diamonds, bears the royal monogram 'IR' (Latin, Iacobus Rex) for King James, the first Stuart king of England (reigned 1603-25), and contains within his portrait, by the great miniature painter Nicholas Hillard (?1547-1619).
King William III and Queen Mary II (1689 - 1702) William was born in the Netherlands. He was an only child and never knew his father William II who died of smallpox . His mother was Mary daughter of Charles I of England. In 1677 he married his cousin Mary, daughter of the future James II. The marriage was to repair relations between England and The Netherlands.William was a soldier, was dour, asthmatic, 12 years older and several inches shorter than his English wife Mary, a reluctant bride.
Mary of Modena 5 October 1658 – 7 May 1718) was Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of King James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary became, in 1673, the second wife of James, Duke of York, who later succeeded his older brother Charles II as King James II.
Henrietta Maria of France (25 November 1609 – 10 September 1669) was the Queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I. She was mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and grandmother of two queens and one king, Mary II, William III and Anne of Great Britain, as well as paternal aunt of Louis XIV of France. The North American Province of Maryland was named in her honor, and the name was carried over into the current U.S. state of Maryland.