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Medieval Accessories - Headwear

Engelberg cod. 4 (Suisse), 1147 - 1178

Costume féminin de noble, début XIIème, est de la France

EXCELLENT how to for making hats by hand!!! » Late 18th Century Picture/Gainsborough Hat » Late 18th Century Picture/Gainsborough Hat

Lancaster and York ( 1425-1480): Barbe, Loose Hair Barbe- a pleated linen bib, which went out of fashion, along with the wimple, in the sixteenth century. Sumptuary laws of mourning made the barbe mandatory for Court. Loose Hair- was only worn by young girls, unmarried, and queens during coronation ceremony and brides. Often a circlet was worn.

Anglo-Saxon (600 – 1154): Simple Veils, Head-tires, Combs, and Pin During this time the head was always covered with no hair showing, although it was usually braided elaborately underneath the veil. Veils- made of light-weight fabric like silk, cambric, or fine linen. They were usually rectangular lengths with a hole cut in the middle for putting the head through. Head-tires- circlets of gold that could be worn by any Saxon of rank at this time. The circlets could be made of other ma...

Norman (1066-1154): Couvre-Chef is new name for head-rail after invasion but longer sometimes to point of having to be knotted off the ground tending to hang down on either side of face worn with circlet to hold it in place, Hair Uncovered 1125, and Extreme Length where Illusion of extreme length through fake hair, ribbons. silk tubes and tassels, and attached metal cylinders

Plantagenet (14th century): Horizontal Braiding, Gorget Gorget--when a wimple is worn without a veil, pinned over hair coils on the side of the head (Fig. 19). Sometimes the coils were braided horizontally (Fig.18). Horizontal Braiding- popular in the mid 14th century, the head would go uncovered, but sometimes a fillet would support the plaits ( Fig. 22).

Plantagenet Crespine ( 1364-Late 14th century) Wearing the hair in vertical braids continued to be in fashion throughout the Planagenet period. Headdresses like fig. 25 featured fillets made of silver and gold, set with jewels. False hair was probably used and the whole piece would simply be placed over the head. The crespine led to more elaborate headdresses like fig. 26 and fig. 27, where narrow bands of metal, or wire, were made into a reticulated mesh which would sometimes be set with j...

York (1460-1485): Butterfly and Hennin Hennin- eventually the horns became so tall and vertical they merged into one tall horn. In England, the cone had a flat top and would not exceed a height of nine inches. Compared to the 2-3 feet of Continental styles, this was modest. Transparent veils were attached to the top, or draped, sometimes to the ground. Butterfly- consisted of a cap which resembled an inverted flowerpot, set at an angle orginally resembling the hennin, and then eventually be...

Pattern your own simple coif or unpadded arming cap, from the Maniacal Medievalist website. Very nicely detailed instructions on this versatile headgear for men and women.

Pattern Your Own Simple Coif / Unpadded Arming Cap

Tip and tricks of how to curl and add feathers/plumes to your hat

Feather, feathers and plumes!

Tips and Tricks: Preventing Slippage ( with your headcovering)