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Poland History

I am writing a novel, these are pictures that inspire me on my writing journey

Pławniowice palace

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 31 - SkyscraperCity

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Będzin Będzin (German: Bendzin) is a city in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie in southern Poland, near Katowice. Borders on of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 millions. Located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Czarna Przemsza river (tributary of the Vistula). Będzin is one of the cities of the 2,7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 58,639. The primeval Slavic settlement was destroyed by the Tartar invasion in 1241. First notes of the village Będzin date back to 1301. In 1358 Będzin was granted a charter according to the Magdeburg law. In 1364 a town’s defensive wall and a stone castle were built. In 1457 the town was damaged as a result of an invasion of Jan - the Duke of Oświęcim. In 1616 the town was destroyed by a great fire. In 1655 the town was destroyed by the Swedish army. Since 1793 Będzin was under Prussian rule, in 1807 it became a part of the Duchy of Warsaw, and since 1815 it was a part of Congress Poland (the Kingdom of Poland). In the 19th century hard bituminous coal deposits were discovered near Będzin. The first mine was opened in 1825. In 1914 Będzin was occupied by the German army. During World War II, in September 1939 Będzin was occupied by the German army. Będzin was incorporated into Germany which resulted in mass deportations of Poles to the General Government. The Germans murdered about 25,000 inhabitants of Będzin in total (50% of all inhabitants). In January 1945 Będzin returned to Poland. Będzin castle The village of Będzin originated in the 9th century. The local wooden fort, that the records show existed as early as the 11th century was destroyed during the Tatar invasion in 1241, and subsequently rebuilt. During the reign of Polish King Casimir the Great the castle received an upgrade from wooden fortress to a stone one, and the stone fort was operational as early as in 1348. The growing trading village of Bytom was given Magdeburg Law city rights shortly afterwards, in 1358. The castle was meant to be a military outpost on the southwestern border of the Kingdom of Poland (later, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). It was the most westward fortification, and was meant to hold off any invasion coming from Bohemian or Silesian lands. In 1364 the castle was visited by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1588, Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria, was held prisoner in here, after his defeat in the War of the Polish Succession (1587–1588). The castle fell into disrepair in the late 16th century. The fire of 1616 and damage during The Deluge in 1657 resulted in the further destruction. The fortress was periodically repaired, but due to shifts in the layout of the borders and relations between Poland and its neighbours, it lost much of its importance. After the partitions of Poland, Będzin fell into Prussian control and the castle became property of the Hohenzollern family. In 1807, the nearby lands were transferred to the Duchy of Warsaw, and in 1815, to the Congress Poland. In 1825 the castle was virtually falling apart, and when a piece of the stone crushed a passerby, demolition of the castle was ordered, but before it was started, the castle was declared a monument. In 1830s the castle was bought by Count Edward Raczyński and partially rebuilt. In 1952–1956, a museum was opened there.

Polish Customs, Traditions and Folklore

Polish Herbs, Flowers & Folk Medicine Book I want to read

King Casimir III Great (1333–1370) tomb - the late-l4th-century red marble sarcophagus ranks among Europe's best sculptures of the period.

Krakow - Wawel cathedral St. Leonard's Crypt St. Leonard's Crypt under the Wawel Castle in Kraków, Poland, is a Romanesque crypt founded in the 11th century (around 1038 – 1039) by Casimir I the Restorer who made Kraków his royal residence as the capital. Crypt of St. Leonard's is considered the best Romanesque interior in Poland.

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 19 - SkyscraperCity

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Krakow - Wawel cathedral St. Leonard's Crypt St. Leonard's Crypt under the Wawel Castle in Kraków, Poland, is a Romanesque crypt founded in the 11th century (around 1038 – 1039) by Casimir I the Restorer who made Kraków his royal residence as the capital. Crypt of St. Leonard's is considered the best Romanesque interior in Poland.

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 19 - SkyscraperCity

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Where Pieskowa Skala castle is located

Pieskowa Skala castle Pieskowa Skała (Pieskowa Rock), first mentioned before 1315 as in documents of Polish king Władysław I the Elbow-high (Władysław Łokietek), is located near the village of Sułoszowa in the valley of river Prądnik, 27 km north of Kraków, Poland, within the boundaries of the Ojców National Park. Pieskowa Skała is famous for its Renaissance castle built by King Kazimierz the Great in the 1st half of the 14th century as part of the defensive chain of castles called Orle Gniazda (Eagles Nests) along the plane of Jurassic Rock Upland (Polish: Jura Krakowsko-Częstochowska) extending north-west from Kraków to the city of Częstochowa.

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Very majestic Baltic coast in Darlowko Darłówko is a seaside neighborhood and a popular summertime resort in the town of Darłowo on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea in northern Poland. Darłówko has two beaches, east and west, extending from either side of the Wieprza river mouth.

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 15 - SkyscraperCity

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The beginnings of the settlement date back as early as 5th century B.C. In 1241 The Teutonics raised a wooden watchtower, which was later burned down during Prussian uprisings. The town developed along a Warmian bishops' castle, The building of which began in 1350. Reszel was granted the location priviledge in 1337, and since 1466 had been a part of Polish, Catholic province of Warmia.The town had very modern sewage and draining system as early as 1389, the system that was in operation until the end of the 19th century. During the Polish reign, Reszel was the local center of craftsmanship, famous for its magnificent blacksmiths, goldsmiths, and weavers. Since the second half of the 17th century a renown Jesuit college Provided education to both catholics and protestants. The college was funded, among others, by the King Jan Kazimierz. The town was blooming thanks to the sanctuary of Our lady in Święta Lipka (Heiligelinde), which is located in the close vicinity of Reszel (5 km east of th town). In 1772 the Polish reign over the province came to a crash And Reszel found itself in Prussian hands. For Reszel the change meant the beginning of the end. In 1806 Reszel went down in flames of the biggest fire in the history of the town. In 1811, on a hill outside the town, the last funeral pyre in Europe took the life of Barbara Zdunk, a local women accused of witchcraft and bringing the fire on Reszel.

Where the Poznan cathedral is

The Archcathedral Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul in Poznań is one of the oldest churches in Poland and the oldest Polish cathedral. The cathedral is supposedly place of the baptism of Mieszko I. Built in the second half of the 10th century, it was raised to the status of a cathedral in 968 when the first missionary, Bishop Jordan, came to Poland. Saint Peter became the patron of the church because, as the first cathedral in the country, it had the right to have the same patron as St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. The cathedral is the place of burial of the following Polish rulers: * Mieszko I (since 992) * Boleslaus the Brave (since 1025) * Mieszko II (since 1034) * Casimir the Restorer (since 1058) * Ladislaus Odonic (since 1239) * Przemysł I (since 1257) * Przemysł II (since 1296) Of all the chapels, the Golden Chapel is the most famous one as, designed by Francis Maria Lanci, it is the necropolis of the first rulers of the Polish state: Mieszko I and Boleslaus the Brave.

Forest in Poland?

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 4 - SkyscraperCity

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Castle in Ogrodzieniec

[Poland]-Two photos per post - Page 3 - SkyscraperCity

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Situated in the Krakow area, Wieliczka is a small town of close to twenty thousand inhabitants. It was founded in the twelfth century by a local Duke to mine the rich deposits of salt that lie beneath. Until 1996 it did just that but the generations of miners did more than just extract. They left behind them a breathtaking record of their time underground in the shape of statues of mythic, historical and religious figures. They even created their own chapels in which to pray. Perhaps their most astonishing legacy is the huge underground cathedral they left behind for posterity.