First Nations and the Boarding Schools
Native children taken from tribes & boarded at Government schools to be transformed from a state of savagism, to be returned thoroughly civilized at commencement. It was the school's quintessential mission. "The Indian is DEAD in you." Reverend A.J.Lippincott proclaimed at a Carlisle commencement. "Let all that is Indian within you die! You cannot become truly American citizens,industrious,intelligent,cultured,civilized until the INDIAN within you is DEAD."
c.1910 Native children at Cantonment Oklahoma. Assimilation: The removal of Native children from their homes, often forcibly, to attend government-funded residential boarding schools where they were severely punished for speaking their native language, pressured to adopt the ‘superior’ values and behaviors of the dominant Christian society, and subjected to physical and sexual abuse by school teachers and administrators.
American Indian Boarding Schools: damage still being felt today. To quote a priest from the Pine Ridge Reservation, "It's genocide, and it's ongoing."
The Influenza Epidemic of 1918. Letter of condolence from the Superintendent of the Yakima Indian Agency, Washington, Oct. 29, 1918. Bureau of Indian Affairs. This notification sent to the parents of a student at an Indian boarding school is typical of such letters.
The Influenza Epidemic of 1918
THE TRUTH HURTS: Residential school survivor Kim Good of the Snuneymuxw First Nation near Nanaimo, B.C. wipes away tears as she listens to Truth and Reconciliation Commission Chair Justice Murray Sinclair release the commission’s interim report on Feb. 24, 2012. (PHOTO: DARRYL DYCK/CP) In the Fall 2012 #Media magazine, freelancer Andrew Stobo Sniderman explains how he ended up bearing witness to stories of pain and suffering from residential school survivors. http://www.caj.ca/?p=391
THE TRUTH HURTS: Residential school survivor Kim Good of the Snuneymuxw First Nation near Nanaimo, B.C. wipes away tears as she listens to Truth and Reconciliation Commission. She is not a mascot. She is a human being. Not a stereotype. She is a person w thought. & the ability to shut you down. #idlenomore
* “Little Butterfly Girl: An Indian Residential School Story” that portrays the fictional story of a little girl who attended Indian residential school by presenting what her life was like before, during, and after attending Indian residential school. Illustrated with beautiful artwork, this narrative picture book is available in English, Anishinaabemowin, and French.