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President Lincoln's grandfather & namesake was killed by Indians while trying to tend his crops. The president's father, Tom, was a boy and was nearly kidnapped. His older brothers heard the commotion, came running to kill the Indians, and save Tom. All this happened outside Middletown, KY near Louisville in the 1770s.

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” - Abraham Lincoln on the importance of preparation.

Minie Ball. Bullet invented by the frenchman Claude Minie and used widely during the American Civil War. It's slow speed and soft lead manufacture led to it shattering bone upon impact and causing infection.

You are viewing an impressive image of Fair Oaks, Virginia,vicinity. Lieutenant Robert Clarke, Captain John C. Tidball, Lieutenant William N. Dennison, and Captain Alexander C.M. Pennington. It was taken in 1862 by Gibson, James F., b. 1828.

Union General GeorgeThomas, a Virginian known as the Rock of Chickamaugua.

Much of the information available on female Civil War soldiers is found in their obituaries. (NARA, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's - 1917, RG 94)

Prologue: Selected Articles

General Grant and Meade

20th Maine, counter-attack at Gettysburg.

Charleston, S.C. Breach patched with gabions on the north wall of Fort Sumter.

Walls of Fort Sumter
  • Jenna Burke

    Where's this at?

  • Pam Tinkham Pugh

    Charleston, SC. It's Fort Sumter, where the first shot of the Civil War was fired.

  • Maria McMullen

    A U.S. held fort under seige by the Rebels following S.C. secession from Union....Rebels took the fort, as the soldiers at the fort ran out of supplies ...thus a surrender of Fort Sumter....

13-inch seacoast mortars of Federal Battery No. 4 with officers of 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery, near Yorktown, Virginia in May of 1862.