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IVs and Nursing School

Nursing Students must learn how to infuse IVs with accuracy & precision. IV Administration topics include: calculating infusion rate. infusing drops/minute or ggts/minute, mL/hour, understanding saline types- hypotonic, hypertonic, NS, and lactated ringers; in addition to central, & peripheral lines, assessing the IV site for infiltration, phlebitis, and patency.

The relationship between gauges and needle size. It's a simple concept, yet one that can mess with your head when you're a new nursing student (especially during your first couple of exams)!

Journal article on I.V. therapy: great info on common complications, including hypersensitivity reactions, infiltration, extravasation, phlebitis, & infection. Citation: Lippincott Nursing. (2007). I.V. essentials: Complications of peripheral I.V. therapy. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy! 6(1), 14-18. Retrieved from www.nursingcenter...

I.V. Essentials: Complications of peripheral I.V. therapy

IV Fluids Types to Know for Nursing Care: divided by Isotonic, Hypotonic, & Hypertonic in addition to applicable or correct uses for each

IV Solution Chart: Hypotonic, Isotonic, and Hypertonic Solutions. The tonicity of the solution impacts the cells. Hypotonic solution causes excess H2O to enter the cell, potentially causing the cell to lyse. Hypertonic solution causes H20 to leave the cell, leading to flaccidity. Isotonic promotes fluid balance between the intracellular and extracellular area.

Image of a Huber needle entering a Power Port. The Power Port sits just under the skin on your upper chest.

Power Port (purple, heart shaped) sits under skin on upper chest. It's accessed by a Huber needle (w/yellow wing locks). Left: Tube runs inside a blood vessel; in my case it goes from my jugular vein down to my superior vena cava. Right: This tube sits outside the body, and allows easy infusions. The lower connector (blue) enables infusions from syringes. The upper connector (also blue) enables infusions from IV bags.

Tegaderm I.V. Dressings: provides simplicity of I.V. application, security of intravenous fixation and site protection. Added features ensure the cannula remains in place thus reducing the risk of phlebitis and patient discomfort. They are often removed with the help of alcohol wipes by nurses.

IV Dressing: Tegaderm. This dressing uses antimicrobial activity of Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) for infection control. It has been specifically developed to reduce skin flora the most common source of catheter-related blood-stream infection.

Rheumatology Infusion Therapy for Biologic Medications: Registered Nurses are trained to provide therapeutic infusions in which medications are administered through an IV placed in the vein.

Vascular Infusion Systems What is an infusion system? An infusion system is the process by which an infusion device and any associated disposables are used to deliver fluids or drugs in solution to the patient by the intravenous, subcutaneous, epidural or enteral route.