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Outlaws & Lawmen

Jack Hinson was a plantation owner and father of 10 from Dover, Tennessee who initially opposed secession and even hosted Grant in his home. Then two of his civilian sons were accused of being guerrillas by Federal troops, were executed, and their decapitated heads were stuck on his front gate posts. Jack swore revenge and spent the rest of the war fighting as a lone sniper, killing over 100 Federal soldiers and guerrillas, making him possibly the most effective sniper of the 19th Century.

Henry Andrew "Heck" Thomas went to work for the Fort Worth for a year. The famed "Hanging Judge", Isaac Parker appointed him a deputy US Marshall out of Fort Smith, Arkansas. From 1886 to 1900, his jurisdiction was the Indian Territory, now known as Oklahoma. Famed for his bravery, integrity, and fairness, he quickly became a legend. Teamed up with Bill Tilghman and Chris Madsen, they were soon known as the "Three Guardsmen"

Texas Jack Vermillion ~ Gunfighter, soldier, lawman, outlaw, Methodist preacher; participated in the Earp vendetta ride

Annie Rogers (aka Della Moore) was a prostitute in the Old West, best known as being the girlfriend of outlaw Kid Curry, who rode with the Wild Bunch gang.

Feb 28 - 1906 – Bugsy Siegel, American gangster (d. 1947)

Doc Holliday Last Picture in 1887

William Schmalsle, frontiersman and scout for US Army. When the Lyman wagon train was besieged by 400 Indians in the Panhandle of Texas, it was Schmalsle who slipped away, at night and alone, to ride 75 miles through hostile country to summon help for the soldiers. Later he was instrumental in the rescue of the youngest German sisters (Adelaide & Julia) from a Cheyenne camp on McClellan Creek, 10 miles south of where Pampa, Texas is now located.

John S. "Rip" Ford, 1850's Texas Ranger -

J Abijah Brooks (1855-1944) - Texas Ranger. He joined the Texas Rangers in 1883 and became known in the annals of the Texas Rangers as one of the "Four Great Captains," the others being John R. Hughes, William J. McDonald, and John H. Rogers. Brooks was involved in several shootouts in Brown County and the piney woods of East Texas with the Conner gang. In the latter gun battle one ranger was killed and three wounded, including Brooks, who lost several fingers on his left hand.

Bose Ikard - born a slave in Mississippi. He went to work for Oliver Loving and Charles Goodnight as a traildriver in 1866. The story “Lonesome Dove” is based partly on the lives of Goodnight and Loving. In the movie, Deets' character, portrayed by Danny Glover, is based on Bose Ikard. Goodnight once said, “Bose surpassed any man I had in endurance and stamina. His behavior was very good in a fight and he was probably the most devoted man to me that I ever knew.

Temple Houston, son of Sam Houston. At 13, signed onto a cattle drive to Dakota; at 19 graduated w/ honors from Baylor with law degree and passed the bar to become the youngest practicing lawyer in Texas. His most famous case was defending prostitute Millie Stacey in 1899. His closing summary is still studied by law students today, considered the perfect defense argument and one of the finest masterpieces of oratory in the English language.

John Coffee Hays, famous Texas ranger captain and Indian fighter of the 1840s. Today, there is a county named for him.

Fred Waite and Henry Brown fought many a battle alongside William Bonney, aka Billy the Kid, in the Lincoln County War.

Oliver Lee - probably the most controversial of all the Texan turned NM cowboys. A prime suspect in two unsolved murders, particularly the infamous killing of Albert Jennings Fountain for which he was later involved in an ineffectual shootout with Pat Garrett. Lee went on to become a large cattle ranch owner and to serve as NM state senator.

James Robert Gilliland ended up a suspect in the alleged murder of Albert Jennings Fountain and his son, who disappeared near the White Sands in 1896. Sheriff Pat Garrett pursued Gilliland; a gunfight left one lawman dead, and Garrett fled.

Cowboy Wayne Brazel (center) shot Pat Garrett.

The outlaw cowboys in this photo are not identified, but some historians believe the man standing is outlaw chief John Kinney, who led a gang of horse thieves and cattle rustlers during the 1870s-80s, all while running his own ranch just west of the Rio Grande.

Charlie Bowdre rode with Billy the Kid and cowboyed around the Fort Sumner, NM area. He ended up dead at Stinking Springs when a sheriff posse shot him. They found this photo in his clothing; the blood stains are Bowdre's.

James Cook was the foreman of the W.S. Ranch, headquartered near Alma. William French, who took over management after Cook left in 1887, claimed that Butch Cassidy hid out from the law by cowboying at the W.S. in 1897.

Cherokee Bill ... famous last words on the gallows, in response to the hangman's asking if he had any last words? Bill's reply, “Hell no, I came here to die, not to make a speech.”

Frank James, Jesse James, Cole Younger, and Bob Younger

1890's Arizona, Sheriff George Ruffner

Amos Chapman (1837-1925), a highly esteemed army scout, interpreter, buffalo hunter and guide for settlers. Most noted for his work with the military, serving under Custer and Col. Nelson Miles in the Indian wars. He won the Medal-of-Honor but lost a leg as a result of wounds received at the Buffalo Wallow Fight in 1874 - where he was rescued from certain death by fellow-scout, Billy Dixon. His scouting days had come to an abrupt end though he remained a flamboyant figure until his death.

Judge Roy Bean, Langtry, Texas