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A Unit for the Center for Appalachian Studies and Services

Archives of Appalachia

Rare fully intact Roman bronze gladiator helmet featuring the hero Hercules on the front and the defeated Nemeian Lion on the base of the comb. Before 1st C. AD. Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts.

The Gullah are African Americans who live in the Lowcountry region of South Carolina and Georgia, which includes both the coastal plain and the Beaufort Sea Islands.

Catharina Frank. The dance that Catharina performed for Adolf Eichmann in Westerbork saved her life and that of her son.

Spots of Light - Women in the Holocaust

Rosalyn Sussan Yalow, co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Medicine/Physiology in 1977, although both her M.S. and Ph.D. were earned in nuclear physics for the development of radioimmunoassay. She wanted to go to medical school but she was a woman and Jewish and was advised to become a secretary. She and Dr. Solomon Berson, discovered radioisotopes for diagnosis to measure minute quantities of biologically active molecules. Both researchers refused to patent the method and gave it to the world.

Phillis Wheatley, a slave brought from Africa as a child and sold to a Boston merchant, spoke no English. By the time she was sixteen, however, under the tutelage of her owners, she had mastered the language. Her interest in literature led her to write and publish “Poems on Various Subjects” in 1773. She is one of, if not the, earliest published African American author.

Phillis Wheatley - Biography - Poet -

LA earthquake 1933

the wheat penny and penny candy Children today would be amazed at what a penny could buy in the 50s.

Rare American coins

Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant at the Groote Schuur Hospital in South Africa in 1967.

Once upon a time, in China, girls feet were bound.

Popular Asians | Chinese Celebrity News and Gossip

Greenfield, Salinas Valley, California. An Arkansawyers auto camp filled almost completely with migrants from Arkansas. Rent ten dollars a month for one room, iron bed, electricity. Rough board walls with cracks. This community is subject of a study by BAE Regional Office, Berkeley, California. 1939 Apr. Library of Congress.

Sharecroppers, Washington County, AR 1935; Library of Congress FSA/OWI photograph collection

Wife and children of sharecropper in Washington County, Arkansas

In Soviet Union women participating in WWII were erased from history, remaining as the occasional anecdote of a female sniper or simply as medical staff or, at best, radio specialists. The word “front-line girl” (frontovichka) became a terrible insult, synonimous to “whore”. Hundreds thousand of girls who went to war to protect their homeland with their very lives, who came back injured or disabled, with medals for valor, had to hide it to protect themselves from public scorn.

"A Japanese balloon bomb kills 5 children and a woman in Oregon - the only people killed by an enemy attack on the American mainland during WWII. The cheap weapon used the jet stream over the Pacific to wreak havoc on Canadian and American cities and forests. Over 9,300 were launched between Nov 1944 and April 1945, 300 of which were found as far east as Michigan and as far south as Mexico. With a kill rate of only 0.067%, they were ineffective as weapons. 1945."

WWII Day-By-Day: May 5

Abandoned farm with windmill. Texas. June 1938.

Photo Gallery | THE DUST BOWL

The Etruscan language has been difficult to analyze, as It resembles no other language in Europe or elsewhere. It was spoken and written by the Etruscan civilization in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna (where the Etruscans were displaced by Gauls). Etruscan was superseded by Latin, leaving only a few documents and some loanwords in Latin like Roma.

Etruscan Language