The Tarim mummies are a series of mummies discovered in the Tarim Basin in present-day Xinjiang, China, which date from 1800 BC to AD 200. The most remarkable features of these mummies, given the general location of these graves, are the Caucasoid physical type feature the corpses exhibit. The mummies, particularly the early ones, are associated with the presence of the Indo-European Tocharian languages in the Tarim Basin.
" The Oiran type of high-class prostitutes lived in the brothels and entertainment districts ("Pleasure Quarters") of big cities like Yoshiwara in Edo (now Tokyo), Shimabara in Kyoto, the Shimmachi in Osaka and Maruyama in Nagasaki. To entertain their clients, oiran practiced the arts of dance, music, poetry and calligraphy, and an educated wit was considered essential to sophisticated conversation." S)