La Historia de...
Berlin Olympics, 1936 : The German silver medalist was the first to congratulate Jesse Owens and they took a lap of honour around the stadium together as the crowd rose to salute them both. "It took a lot of courage for him to befriend me in front of Hitler," said Owens later. "You can melt down all the medals and cups I have and they wouldn't be a plating on the 24-carat friendship I felt for Lutz Long at that moment."
Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans. As a result, they were both executed by guillotine. Since the 1970s, Scholl has been celebrated as one of the great German heroes who actively opposed the Third Reich during the Second World War.
Portrait of Istvan Reiner, taken shortly before he was killed in Auschwitz. Istvan arrived at Auschwitz with his mother, Livia, and her mother. Other inmates convinced Livia to give the boy to his grandmother and go through selection alone. She was chosen for forced labor and survived the war. Istvan and his grandmother were gassed.
March 1944: A child in the Ozarichy hostage holding camp tries to wake up his mother, who has been murdered by the Germans. Ozarichy in Kalinkovichy region of Belarus was large fenced-in area on the German front line holding local civilians as human shields against Soviet attacks. The hostages were left without shelter, food, and water and were decimated by exposure, gunfire, and hunger. When Soviet troops finally defeated the Germans in the area, they found 15,960 children among the hostages.
When we used to stand for love & peace ... Strong women - it takes strength to show mercy. "Keshia Thomas, 18, uses her body to shield a man from protesters at a Ku Klux Klan rally in Ann Arbor, Mich. A crowd had begun to beat him with sticks after spotting a Confederate flag on his jacket. "Just because you beat somebody doesn't mean you're going to change his mind," Thomas said." A hero
Portrait of Zitkala-Sa by Gertrude Kasebier, about 1898. Zitkala-Sa was the pen name of writer and activist Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (1876-1938). She exposed the hardships faced by students at Native American boarding schools by writing about her own experiences as a student and as a teacher. Zitkala-Sa also published a book of tribal folklore called Old Indian Legends. She also founded the National Council of American Indians, which was trans-tribal, to lobby for better treatment for all.
Cléopatra Diane de Mérode was the first woman to dance with a male partner in the Russian Ballet. She continued to dance until her early fifties and was very popular in her ancestral homeland of Austria, where she befriended the artist Gustav Klimt. Cléo de Mérode retired to Biarritz and died in 1966 at age 91 and is entombed at Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
Andy Warhol (American, 1928-1987) Big Torn Campbell's Soup Can (Pepper Pot), 1962 casein and graphite on canvas 71 5/8 x 52 in. (181.9 x 132.1 cm.) The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh; Founding Collection, Contribution The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. © The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. 1998.1.31
Ophelia by British artist J.E. Millais. Ophelia is a character in Hamlet. She is driven mad when her father, Polonius, is murdered by her lover, Hamlet. She dies while still very young in grief and madness. The events shown in Millais's Ophelia are not actually seen on stage. Instead they are referred to in a conversation between Queen Gertrude and Ophelia's brother Laertes. Gertrude describes how Ophelia fell into the river whilst picking flowers and slowly drowned, singing all the while.
Hugh O’Flaherty was an Irish Catholic priest who saved about 4,000 Allied soldiers and Jews in Rome during World War II. O’Flaherty used his status as a priest and his protection by the Vatican to conceal 4000 escapees – Allied soldiers and Jews – in flats, farms and convents. Despite the Nazis desperately wanting to stop his actions, his protection by the Vatican prevented them officially arresting him. He saved the majority of Jews in Rome.
The famous "Mouth of Truth" (Bocca della Verita) located in the portico of the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in the Forum Boarium. The sculpture is thought to be an ancient manhole cover of a water god. Legend has it that the Mouth of Truth is a lie detector, if you told a lie with your hand in the mouth of the sculpture, it would be bitten off.
Margaret "Molly" Brown was an American socialite, philanthropist, & activist who became famous due to her survival of the 1912 sinking of the RMS Titanic, after exhorting the crew of Lifeboat No. 6 to return to look for survivors. She became known after her death as The Unsinkable Molly Brown, although she was not called Molly during her life. Her friends called her Maggie.
Japanese orphan, standing at attention having brought his dead younger brother to a cremation pyre, Nagasaki, 1945. Photo by Joe O’Donnell. This is O'Donnell's description of the older boy after the dead brother was placed on the pyre: "The boy stood there straight without moving, watching the flames. He was biting his lower lip so hard that it shone with blood. The flame burned low like the sun going down. The boy turned around and walked silently away.”
"Real-life Grave of the Fireflies: Stoic Japanese orphan, standing at attention having brought his dead younger brother to a cremation pyre, Nagasaki, by American photographer, Joe O’Donnell 1945"
Nellie Bly (real name Elizabeth Jane Cochran) was a 23-year-old journalist without a job when she walked into the offices of J. Pulitzer’s NY World in 1887 and was given the daunting assignment of exposing the horrors of the Blackwell’s Island Insane Asylum. She played mad. “Undoubtedly demented… a hopeless case,” said one of the doctors who admitted her. But inside the asylum she chronicled the awful food and awful conditions that spurred reform. A brilliant reporter; a brilliant example!
Jósephine Baker, 1926. #Photography Joséphine Baker est une icône de ces années décomplexées. Belle et aimable, elle a marqué son époque grâce à un physique incroyable, devenant un modèle très demandé dans les années 1920. Elle pose ici en 1926 pour la campagne publicitaire de son spectacle, "La Revue Nègre", devant l'objectif de Boris Lipnitzki.
Elizabeth Catlett was an African-American sculptor, painter and printmaker who died just before her 97th birthday. In a career spanning more than 70 years, She celebrated the heroic strength and endurance of African-American and Mexican working-class women. Throughout her career, Catlett was a progressive committed to improving the lives of Black and Mexican women, and she often used her art explicitly to advance their cause.
Elizabeth Catlett, whose abstracted sculptures of the human form reflected her deep concern with the African-American experience and the struggle for civil rights, died on April 3, 2012 at her home in Cuernavaca, Mexico, where she had lived since the late 1940s. She was 96.
“For three things I thank God every day of my life: thanks that he has vouchsafed me knowledge of his works; deep thanks that he has set in my darkness the lamp of faith; deep, deepest thanks that I have another life to look forward to--a life joyous with light and flowers and heavenly song.” ― Helen Keller
Vietnam, 19. März 1964: Ein Vater hält südvietnamesischen Soldaten anklagend die Leiche seines Sohnes entgegen, der den Gefechten zum Opfer fiel. Unter anderem für diese Aufnahme erhielt Horst Faas 1965 den Pulitzerpreis - bislang ist er der einzige deutsche Einzelpreisträger.
Vera Wang. Fashion designer. She is known for her wide clientele of couture bridesmaid gowns and wedding gown collections. Wang was a senior fashion editor for Vogue for seventeen years. In 1987, she left Vogue after being turned down for the editor-in-chief position currently filled by Anna Wintour and joined Ralph Lauren as a design director for two years. In 1990, she opened her own design salon in the Carlyle Hotel in New York that features her trademark bridal gowns.
ERTE At 18, he changed his name to Erté (to avoid disgracing the family name) and became the apprentice for famed designer Paul Poiret in Paris. In 1915, he scored an enviable contract with Harper's Bazaar to design more than 200 covers.