Gerard Dou, Portret van een oude lezende vrouw, ca. 1630-35, olieverf op paneel, 71 x 55.5 cm, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
Sophia of the Palatinate, more commonly referred to as Sophia of Hanover, was born October 14,1630. She was the eldest surviving child of Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of James I. Sophia of Hanover was the only suitable choice as heir to the British throne and was made heiress presumptive by parliament in 1701. Only a Protestant could take the throne since Queen Mary died without children; Queen Anne’s children did not survive past infancy. Thus, Princess Sophia started the Hanoverian line.
Anatomia per uso et intelligenza del disegno ricercata... Bernardino Genga and Charles Errard 1691 "The association between death and anatomy continued in art anatomy, even as it waned in medical texts. Genga, a Roman anatomist, specialized in studies of classical sculptures. Errard, court painter to Louis XIV, helped found the Académie Royale de Peinture and was first Director of the Académie de France in Rome."
Don Gaspar de Guzmán (1587–1645), Count-Duke of Olivares Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish, Seville 1599–1660 Madrid) Date: ca. 1635 Medium: Oil on canvas Dimensions: 50 1/4 x 41 in. (127.6 x 104.1 cm) Classification: Paintings Credit Line: Fletcher Fund, 1952 Accession Number: 52.125
James Stuart (1612–1655), Duke of Richmond and Lennox Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, Antwerp 1599–1641 London) Date: ca. 1634–35 Medium: Oil on canvas Dimensions: 85 x 50 1/4 in. (215.9 x 127.6 cm) Classification: Paintings Credit Line: Marquand Collection, Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1889 Accession Number: 89.15.16
The Lute Player Valentin de Boulogne (French, 1591–1632) Date: ca. 1626 Medium: Oil on canvas Dimensions: 50 1/2 x 39 in. (128.3 x 99.1 cm) Classification: Paintings Credit Line: Purchase, Walter and Leonore Annenberg Acquisitions Endowment Fund; funds from various donors; Acquisitions Fund; James and Diane Burke and Mr. and Mrs. Mark Fisch Gifts; Louis V. Bell, Harris Brisbane Dick, Fletcher, and Rogers Funds and Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 2008 Accession Number: 2008.459