The Psilocybe cyanescens is a sister species to the Psilocybe azurescens, also noted as one of the most potent psilocybe mushrooms. Like azurescens it's a strain for outdoor cultivation. Temperature during colonization: 21 – 25 ° C Temperature during fruiting: 10 – 15 ° C (outside) It produces mushrooms with a brown stam and a brown wavy cap.
Hypholoma fasciculare From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hypholoma fasciculare Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Strophariaceae Genus: Hypholoma Species: H. fasciculare Binomial name Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds.:Fr.) P. Kumm. Synonyms Naematoloma fasciculare Nematoloma fasciculare Hypholoma fasciculare Mycological characteristics gills on hymenium cap is convex hymenium is free stipe has a ring spore print is brown ecology is saprotrophic edibility: poisonous Hypholoma fasciculare, commonly known as the sulphur tuft, sulfur tuft or clustered woodlover, is a common woodland mushroom, often in evidence when hardly any other mushrooms are to be found. This small gill fungus grows prolifically in large clumps on stumps, dead roots or rotting trunks of broadleaved trees. The Sulphur Tuft is bitter and poisonous; consuming it can cause vomiting, diarrhea and convulsions. The principal toxic constituents have been named fasciculol E and fasciculol F. Contents [hide] 1 Taxonomy and naming 2 Description 3 Distribution and habitat 4 Toxicity 5 Gallery 6 References Taxonomy and naming The specific epithet is derived from the Latin fascicularis 'in bundles' or 'clustered', referring to its habit of growing in clumps. Its name in Japanese is Nigakuritake (苦栗茸, means "Bitter kuritake"). Description The hemispherical cap can reach 6 cm (2⅓ in) diameter. It is smooth and sulphur yellow with an orange-brown centre and whitish margin. The crowded gills are initially yellow but darken to a distinctive green colour as the blackish spores develop on the yellow flesh. It has a purple brown spore print. The stipe is up to 10 cm (4 in) tall and 1 cm (⅓ in) wide, light yellow, orange-brown below, often with an indistinct ring zone coloured dark by the spores. The taste is very bitter, though not bitter when cooked, but still poisonous. Distribution and habitat Hypholoma fasciculare grows prolifically on the dead wood of both deciduous and coniferous trees. It is more commonly found on decaying deciduous wood due to the lower lignin content of this wood relative to coniferous wood. Hypholoma fasciculare is widespread and abundant in northern Europe and North America. It has been recorded from Iran, and also eastern Anatolia in Turkey. It can appear anytime from spring to autumn. Toxicity Symptoms may be delayed for 5–10 hours after consumption, after which time there may be diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, proteinuria and collapse. Paralysis and impaired vision have been recorded. Symptoms generally resolve over a few days. The autopsy of one fatality revealed fulminant hepatitis reminiscent of amatoxin poisoning, along with involvement of kidneys and myocardium. The mushroom was consumed in a dish with other species so the death cannot be attributed to sulfur tuft with certainty.
Macrolepiota From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Macrolepiota Macrolepiota procera Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Subclass: Homobasidiomycetidae Order: Agaricales Family: Agaricaceae Genus: Macrolepiota (Scop. : Fr.) Sing. Type species Macrolepiota procera (Scop.) Singer Macrolepiota is a genus of white spored gilled mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The best known member is the parasol mushroom (M. procera). The genus has a widespread distribution and contains about 30 species. Recent DNA studies have split this genus into two clades. The first includes M. procera, M. mastoidea, M. clelandii and closely related species, while the second clade is more diverse and includes M. rhacodes, Chlorophyllum molybdites and many others. Macrolepiota albuminosa is eaten in Chinese cuisine, where it is called jīzōng (鸡枞; literally "chicken fir tree").
Distribution and habitat Russula fragilis appears in late summer and autumn, usually growing in small groups. It is widespread in the northern temperate zones of Europe, Asia, and North America. It is probably mycorrhizal with a variety of trees, including birch and oak. Edibility This mushroom is inedible due to its very hot taste. Many hot tasting Russula species cause problems of a gastrointestinal nature when consumed, resulting in diarrhoea, and vomiting.