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Late 1930's. German, Austrian and Czechoslovakian children of Jewish descent were permitted to leave their countries and families on the Kindertransport; a train bound for Britain. These children ranged in age from infant to 17 and were placed with families in Britain. Many never saw their parents again.

Influenza 1918 - Watch the Film. The worst epidemic in American history killed over 600,000 Americans during World War I. Nicknamed "Spanish influenza," it died out quickly the following winter.

Photograph of a (Yiddish) note, written in pencil, found in the clothes of a female corpse, during an exhumation carried out in October 1944, at the mass murder site of Jews near the village of Antanase, near the town of Obeliai, Rokiskis District, Lithuania. It reads: “My dearest, Before I die, I am writing a few words, We are about to die, five thousand innocent people, They are cruelly shooting us, Kisses to you all, Mira…”

Irena Sendler was a Polish Catholic social worker. During World War II, she was a member of the Polish Underground and the Żegota Polish anti-Holocaust resistance in Warsaw. She helped save 2,500 Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto by providing them with false documents and sheltering them in individual and group children’s homes outside the ghetto. Despite being tortured and imprisoned, she continued to do all she could to help Jewish children in Warsaw. She survived and lived to old age.

Margaret Devaney, age 19, from Ireland, was below decks in 3rd Class (Steerage) peeling potatoes when she decided that she needed some fresh air. With coat in hand she headed up the many flights of stairs to the Main Deck. As she was nearing the top of the final flight she felt a tiny bump, the collision with the iceberg. On the lifeboat with about 50 other terrified souls, she survived.

Children celebrate the surrender of the remaining German forces in the Netherlands with their Canadian liberators, May 5 1945

Élise Rivet was the Mother Superior at the convent of “Notre Dame de Compassion”, where she not only hid refugees from the gestapo, but also used the convent to stash some weapons & ammunition for the resistance. She was eventually caught in March of 1944 & sentenced to hard labor at Ravensbrück concentration camp. About a year later, Élise was murdered along with thousands of others just weeks before the war ended.

Babies strapped in seats in 747 Jumbo jet enroute Clark AB to LAX. Photo: Robert Stinnett / Oakland Tribune, April 12, 1975. This was part of the orphan airlift, called “Operation Babylift” from Vietnam to the US that took place in 1975, primarily by World Airways. Via The Oakland Tribune Collection, the Oakland Museum of California