Camera Obscura (470 to 390 BCE) The use of a camera obscura (a darkened chamber room which projects an inverted image through a pinhole) was an invention used for drawing. The drawing tool dates back to the times of Aristotle and was redefined during the Renaissance. With the use of the camera obscure, scientists of the early 1800s began to experiment with different chemical components that caused chemical reactions when introduced to light.
George Eastman (developer of the equipment which mass-produced flexible roll film, the first Kodak box camera, and the film used in the kinetograph) and Thomas Edison (developer of the kinetograph which was used for motion picture), were two individuals who connected photography to motion picture. Without these two inventors, modern photography and the movement of film production would not be considered an art form today.