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Native American Art and History

The Apache Sunrise Ceremony celebrates a girl becoming a woman. Girls prepare for the ritual for six months or more. During the ceremony, which can last four days, the girls sing, pray, run, and dance, often for hours without stopping. Here, a girl from the White Mountain Apache tribe in Arizona is blessed with pollen, symbolizing fertility.

Two tepees reflected in water of pond, with four Piegan Indians seated in front of one tepee - Edward S. Curtis 1910

Indians who were with Custer that fateful day, revisit the battlefield. Little Big Horn memorializes the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry and the Sioux and Cheyenne in one of the Indian's last armed efforts to preserve their way of life. Here on June 25 and 26 of 1876, 263 soldiers, including Lt. Col. George A. Custer and attached personnel of the U.S. Army, died fighting several thousand Lakota, and Cheyenne warriors.

Tsianina Redfeather Blackstone, an American Indian princess who sang on the Metropolitan Opera stage and on the battlefields of France during World War a Cherokee Native American woman. Photo taken between 1920 and 1930.

Native American Indian Tatanka Iyotake - Sitting Bull

Tatanka Iyotake, Sitting Bull Print - James Ayers Studios

Sacajawea. She was stolen, held captive, sold, eventually she was reunited the Shoshone Indians. She was an interpreter and guide for Lewis and Clark in 1805-1806 with her husband Toussaint Charbonneau. She navigated carrying her son, Jean Baptiste, on her back. She traveled thousands of miles from the Dakotas the Pacific Ocean. The explorers, said she was cheerful, never complained, and proved to be invaluable. She served as an advisor, caretaker.

Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin (1863-1952), Chippewa lawyer; she was the first Native American student and first woman of color to graduate from the Washington College of Law, in 1914. She worked in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and was an officer in the Society of American Indians. Because she was a fluent French speaker, she offered her skills as a translator to the War Department during WWI.

Collections Search Center, Smithsonian Institution. Dr. Charles A. Eastman, 1933.

Collections Search Center, Smithsonian Institution

american indian pottery - Bing Images - via http:/

Chief High Eagle, Blood, Calgary, AB, about 1925

MP-0000.328.12 | Chief High Eagle, Blood, Calgary, AB, about 1925