1820: Mechanical Robot Caterpillar “Made by Swiss watchmaker Henri Maillardet for sale to aristocratic Chinese buyers. The gold, enamel, jewel and pearl-set automaton mimics the caterpillar’s crawl with a clockwork powered mechanism which drives a pair of gilt-metal knurled wheels.
German inventor Joseph Faber’s Talking Machine, known as “Euphonia,” was able to speak sentences in a human if monotone voice. It is “… a speech synthesizer. By pumping air with the bellows … and manipulating a series of plates, chambers, and other apparatus (including an artificial tongue … )”
Deep in the rainforests of the Indian state of Meghalaya, bridges are not built, they’re grown. For more than 500 years locals have guided roots and vines from the native Ficus Elastica (rubber tree) across rivers, using hollowed out trees to create root guidance systems.