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No day out in the Yorkshire Dales would be complete without a visit to Middleham Castle. Once the childhood home of Richard III, you can relive the Castle’s illustrious history and unlock the deeds of its great owners. Although roofless, extensive remains of the fortified palace still survive, making Middleham a fascinating castle to explore. Why not also visit nearby Richmond Castle and Barnard Castle for more action packed days out in the dales. (Home of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.)

Medieval Gold Jesus 'Walking on the Waters' Pendant

Medieval Gold 'Eu Bon Amour' Posy Ring, 14th century.

Medieval Count Goffridi's Secret Seal Matrix, ca. 1365

Ludlow Castle, Wales: Richard, Duke of York and Cecylee (her spelling) Neville sought refuge here when in need of better defense. Sons Edward IV and Edmund, Duke of Rutland, grew up here.

Medieval, around AD 1400 From France or England The Dunstable Swan Jewel is a livery badge of the highest order and quality. To wear such an item was a declaration of allegiance to a noble family or a king. It is made from opaque white enamel fused over gold, a technique known as émail en ronde bosse that developed in Paris in the second half of the fourteenth century. The chain and coronet attached to the swan's neck are also of gold.

Christ Presenting the Keys to Peter and the Law to Paul, second half of 12th century German (Westphalia) Elephant ivory

Plaque with the Ascension, ca. 1050 Western Germany Ivory

Chertsey tiles: Richard and Saladin Medieval, about AD 1250-60 From Chertsey, England Saladin's fall to Richard the Lion Heart

Mother nature forging an unborn. A rather … painful metaphor of the beginning of life in a 16th century illustration. ©British Library

medieval washing ball - For centuries soap was a luxury item and to enhance the experience it was common to combine ground up herbs and spices for rich texture. The spices delightfully exfoliate the skin and release a wondrous bouquet of fragrance. This is truly a medieval treat!

That’s the "Scold’s Bridle," a gruesome mask used as punishment for "rude, clamorous woman," who are considered to be spending too much gossiping or quarreling in the Medieval times. It came complete with a bell on top, no less: Time spent in the bridle was normally allocated as a punishment by a local magistrate. When wearing the mask it was impossible to speak.

Photo: István Borbás/National Library of Sweden Vadstena observance. Sweden, 1451-1452. Medieval limp cloth binding of linen with three seals. Vadstena klosterregel Medeltida mjukt textilband i linne med tre sigill.

Margaret of Denmark (1456 - 1486). Queen of Scotland from 1469 to her death in 1486. She married James III and had three sons.

“Dalmatic of Charlemagne”. Eleventh century. Gift of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Isidore of Kiev (1439) to Pope Eugene IV (1431-1447) The only medieval liturgical vestment kept in the Treasury of St Peter’s is this dalmatic. It is a masterpiece of the art of embroidery practiced in Constantinople during the eleventh century. It is not known how the legend grew that it was worn by Charlemagne for his coronation as Emperor in 800 AD. It is made entirely in embroidery with gold, silver...

Beekeeping print tacuinum sanitatis (14th century)

Griffin Aquamantle (used at table for pouring water to wash hands before & afetr eating) C12th from Vienna Museum

Medieval Wound Man, “…a compendium of all the injuries that a body might sustain.” Ow ow ow.

King Edward II (1307-1327). 18th great-grandfather of Queen Eliz II. House of Plantagenet. Reign: 20 yrs, 2 mos., 14 days. Successor: son, Edward III. He was appointed the 1st Prince of Wales by his father, King Edward I Longshanks. Considered incompetent, frivolous and unduly influenced by his "favourites", he was deposed by his wife Isabella & her lover Roger de Mortimer, and murdered in Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire.

Kind Edward I Longshanks (1272-1307). House of Plantagenet. 19th great-grandfather of Queen Eliz II. Reigned for 34 years, 7 months, 14 days and was succeeded by son, Edward II. He named his son Prince of Wales, a titled given to every first-born son of the monarchy since. Took over the throne of Scotland in 1296, and in 1297 William Wallace defeated him at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. 1298 he defeats Wallace at Falkirk. Wallace executed in 1305; in 1306 Robert Bruce crowned King of Scotland