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Confinement & Treatment of the Insane

Door to what had been the violent wards of the Danvers State Hospital in Massachusetts before the building was torn down.

Rabbit. Brushing away the layer of paint in one of the rooms of the Verden Psychiatric Hospital revealed writings and drawings from a patient who seemed to have gotten ahold of a pencil or similar item.

Autobiographical lace made by Adelaide Hall, a patient in a mental asylum in Washington around 1916

Dr. Linda Burfield Hazzard operated a sanitarium called Wilderness Heights, where she administered her "fasting treatment" to patients... most of whom died. Dr. Hazzard’s shady doings of starving her patients, stealing their money, property and valuables and then saying that things went ‘horribly, horribly wrong’ during treatment came to a shuddering halt in 1911, when one of two English sisters signed up for "treatment" survived to tell the tale...

In the Fall of 1910 Claire and Dora Williamson, two wealthy British sisters came upon an advertisement in a Seattle newspaper - "Dr. Linda B. Hazzardʻs Fasting Cure" promised great health. In 1911 the sisters started the treatment. The following months turned into hell. The sisters were isolated, deceived, manipulated, robbed of their entire estate and starved. One sister died. The other sister, narrowly escaping death, set out to prove that the doctor was guilty of murder.

Dorothea Williamson, shortly after her departure from Wilderness Heights. Despite the poor quality of the photograph, the effects of Dr. Hazzard’s ‘fasting treatment’ are clearly evident

Before Huey Long's reforms, patients at the Central Hospital for the Insane were locked in chairs during their 'recreation' time.

Plastic liter bottles are permanently duct taped over the hands of young, bedridden children who, due to mind-numbing boredom, scratch or bite themselves - Saray Rehabilitation Center

George Crown Prince of Serbia Mentally unstable, he kicked a servant to death and was forced to abdicate his right to succeed. He remained in Serbia but spent many years confined in an asylum.

before the "major tranquilizers" -- Patient in a continuous bath at Pilgrim State Hospital, 1936 by Alfred Eisenstaedt

ca. 1869, [Patient in restraint chair at the West Riding Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire], Henry Clarke

From a psychiatric hospital in St. Joe, Missouri. These items were taken from a patient's stomach. wow

Written on the wall of an abandoned mental asylum

Victorian treatment for mental patients. Often women were diagnosed as hysterical (anything from depression to anxiety) & placed in these cages. Any patient who was just upset in general were locked in these cages. Like farm factory animals, there was no room to bend the legs, sit up or move. Cruel treatment....If you weren’t insane when they put you into this contraption, you soon would be.

ca. 1869, [Prisoner no. 2517 at the West Riding Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire;, head supported by warden], Henry Clarke

1918: At the "Eastern Asylum for the Colored Insane" in North Carolina, women participate in "work therapy" -- picking cotton. Good historic overview of psychiatric institutions in the age of segregation at : www.patdeegan.com...

Ohio Insane Asylum, 1946

Young man in a former military hospital used as a mental asylum at Cerne Voda. He was called Boxer and was chained to the bed to stop him running away.

Autobiographical lace made by Adelaide Hall, a patient in a mental asylum in Washington around 1916

Photographer unknown, Psychiatric patient diagnosed with melancholy, 1876

from the State Old Insane and Penal Cemetery, Columbus, Ohio - patients from the State Institute for the Feebleminded and inmates from the Ohio Pennetentiary