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Queen Ena of Spain wearing the Fleur de Lys tiara. She wore the tiara throughout her life and never lent it to either of her daughters...

Louis XII (Blois 27 June 1462 – Paris 1 January 1515) was a Valois monarch who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. The son of Charles of Orléans and Maria of Cleves, he succeeded his cousin, Charles VIII who died without a living heir in 1498

Claude of France, consort of Francois I. EXCERPT: 'Queen Claude was known for being the first French Queen to run an honourable school for young ladies, which she used to pass on her kind-hearted ways. Through her school, she would teach young ladies to act in a proper and virtuous manner.' Claude was but one influence upon Anne Boleyn during her time in France.

Henry IV - first Bourbon king

Louis XIV, roi de France et de Navarre (1638-1715)

Louise of Lorraine 1553 –1601 - House of Lorraine, Queen consort of France. She 1st caught the eye of her future husband, Henry III, in 1574. He was paying a visit to her cousin, on his way to his new kingdom, & saw Louise whilst he was there. Louise was not only attractive & sweet-natured, but who also resembled the Princess of Condé, Marie de Clèves, whom Henry III was infatuated. He remembered Louise long after he left France. Louise worshipped her husband, who in response fussed over her.

Queen Claude of France, wife of Francis 1st. Born 13th October 1499, died 20th July 1524. After leaving Mechelen in Belgium, Anne Boleyn travelled to France where she spent her teenage years as Maid of Honour to Queen Claude. They resided mainly at the chateau of Amboise in the Loire Valley.

The Mad Monarchist: Consort Profile: Queen Catherine de' Medici

Valois Tapestry -Tapestry depicting a ball held by Catherine de' Medici at the Tuileries Palace, Paris, in 1573 in honour of Polish envoys visiting to present the throne of Poland to her son Henry, Duke of Anjou, the future Henry III of France. The tapestry is one of a series, known as the "Valois Tapestries", celebrating the court festivals or "magnificences" of Catherine de' Medici.

"Wedding of Maria de Medici and Henry IV of France", 1600, by Jacopo Chimenti (Italian, 1551-1640). Uffizi Gallery.

Empress Eugenie and son escaped to England after the fall of Napoleon III. France proclaims the third republic.

Henri II of France as a child. Son of Francis I and Claude of France. Married Catherine de Medici.

Elisabeth of France (1602-1644) Queen consort of Spain & Portugal as wife of King Philip IV of Spain / eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France & Marie de' Medici. Elisabeth was renowned for her beauty, intelligence & noble personality, which made her very popular with the Spanish people. The new queen of Spain was aware her husband had mistresses & she herself was the subject of rumors about her relations w/ poet Peralta. When a fire broke out, Peralta carried the queen to a place of safety.

After death and desecration: The head of King Henry IV of France, found in the garage of a French pensioner in 2010. You can actually see where his ear was pierced too. Born in 1553, died 1610 when he was assassinated by a Catholic fanatic. Who knew that death to religious fanatics could be hereditary across cousins? The head has finally been proved by genetic testing to be that of Good King Henry's.

Louis XIV, King of France, in 1661.

Louis XIV (seated) with his son le Grand Dauphin (to the left), his grandson Louis, Duke of Burgundy (to the right), his great-grandson Louis, Duke of Brittany, and Madame de Ventadour, Brittany's governess, who commissioned this painting; busts of Henry IV and Louis XIII in the background. After a reign of 72 years, Louis died of gangrene at Versailles on 1 September 1715, four days before his 77th birthday.

Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a Bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France and of Navarre from 1610 to 1643. Louis was only eight years old when he succeeded his father. His mother, Marie de Medici, acted as regent during Louis' minority. Mismanagement of the kingdom and ceaseless political intrigues by Marie de Medici and her Italian favourites led the young king to take power, in 1617, by exiling his mother and executing her followers

Louis with his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain and his only surviving son, Louis, le Grand Dauphin, by Joseph Werner

Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), Henri-Quatre, was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion before ascending the throne in 1589. Before his coronation as King of France at Chartres, he changed his faith from Calvinism to Catholicism and, in 1598, he enacted the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious liberties

Louis XIII, taciturn and suspicious, leaned heavily on his Prime Minister Cardinal Richelieu, to govern the Kingdom. They are remembered for the establishment of the Académie française and for putting an end to the revolt of the great feudal lords. The reign of Louis "the Just" was also marked by the struggles against Huguenots and Habsburg Spain.

Although he was a man of kindness, compassion and good humor, and was much loved by his people, Henry was the subject of attempts on his life by Pierre Barrière in August 1593[36] and Jean Châtel in December 1594.[37] King Henry IV was ultimately assassinated in Paris on 14 May 1610 by a Catholic fanatic, François Ravaillac, who stabbed the king to death in Rue de la Ferronnerie,