Historical Costume ~ House of Worth
Charles Frederick Worth (1826-1895), widely considered the Father of Haute Couture, was an English fashion designer of the 19th century, whose works were produced in Paris. He worked at several prosperous London drapery shops before moving to Paris in 1846. He was hired by Gagelin and Opigez, well-known Parisian drapers. While working in their shop, he married one of the firm's models, Marie Vernet. Marie would model shawls and bonnets for prospective customers. Worth made a few simple dresses for his wife and customers started to ask for copies of the dresses as well. Many of his customers travelled to Paris from other countries, coming from as far away as New York and Boston. Much of his work is associated with the movement to redefine the female fashionable shape, removing excessive ruffles and frills and using rich fabrics in simple but flattering outlines.He is credited as the first designer to put labels onto the clothing he manufactured. Worth gave his customers luxurious materials and meticulous fit. Rather than let the customer dictate the design, as had previously been dressmaking practice, four times a year he displayed model dresses at fashion shows. His patronesses would pick a model, which would then be sewn in fabrics of their choice and tailored to their figure. He completely revolutionised the business of dressmaking. His sons, Gaston-Lucien (1853–1924) and Jean-Philippe (1856–1926), took over their father's business following his death in 1895 and succeeded in maintaining his high standards. The great fashion dynasty finally came to an end in 1952 when Charles Frederick Worth's great-grandson, Jean-Charles (1881–1962), retired from the family business.
Evening Dress, House of Worth 1915, American, Made of satin~~~Black charmeuse satin trimmed with beads, black velvet, and white net, from the House of Worth in Paris. The first lady wore the dress in 1915 for a private dinner party at the White House. Worn by First Lady Edith Wilson.
Reception gown Charles Worth c. 1878 Worth was the first fashion designer to elevate his position from that of mere dressmaker to artist. To reinforce this conception of himself, Worth often wore an artists smock and beret when meeting with clients. Like any artist, Worth "signed" his garments by including an inner label bearing his name.
Ensemble: Day Bodice, House of Worth 1893, French, Made of silk
Ensemble. House of Worth (French, 1858–1956). Designer: Attributed to Charles Frederick Worth (French (born England), Bourne 1825–1895 Paris). Designer: Attributed to Jean-Philippe Worth (French, 1856–1926). Date: 1893. Culture: French. Medium: silk, jet, metal. Dimensions: Length at CB (a): 40 in. (101.6 cm). Length at CB (b): 14 in. (35.6 cm). Length at CB (c): 28 in. (71.1 cm) 4 x 10 in. (10.2 x 25.4 cm).
Ensemble: Shoes, House of Worth 1893, French, Made of silk
Afternoon Dress, House of Worth 1924, French, Made of silk
Fancy Dress Costume, House of Worth 1900, French, Made of silk
Evening Dress, House of Worth 1895, French, Made of silk
Evening Dress, House of Worth 1908, French, Made of silk
Evening Dress, House of Worth 1911, French, Made of silk
Bridesmaid Dress, House of Worth 1896, French