Historical Fashion ~ House of Worth
Charles Frederick Worth (1826-1895), widely considered the Father of Haute Couture, was an English fashion designer of the 19th century, whose works were produced in Paris. He worked at several prosperous London drapery shops before moving to Paris in 1846. He was hired by Gagelin and Opigez, well-known Parisian drapers. While working in their shop, he married one of the firm's models, Marie Vernet. Marie would model shawls and bonnets for prospective customers. Worth made a few simple dresses for his wife and customers started to ask for copies of the dresses as well. Many of his customers travelled to Paris from other countries, coming from as far away as New York and Boston. Much of his work is associated with the movement to redefine the female fashionable shape, removing excessive ruffles and frills and using rich fabrics in simple but flattering outlines.He is credited as the first designer to put labels onto the clothing he manufactured. Worth gave his customers luxurious materials and meticulous fit. Rather than let the customer dictate the design, as had previously been dressmaking practice, four times a year he displayed model dresses at fashion shows. His patronesses would pick a model, which would then be sewn in fabrics of their choice and tailored to their figure. He completely revolutionised the business of dressmaking. His sons, Gaston-Lucien (1853–1924) and Jean-Philippe (1856–1926), took over their father's business following his death in 1895 and succeeded in maintaining his high standards. The great fashion dynasty finally came to an end in 1952 when Charles Frederick Worth's great-grandson, Jean-Charles (1881–1962), retired from the family business.
Afternoon Dress, House of Worth, 1880, French, Made of silk, satin, and velvet
Woman's evening coat (front view) | France, 1910-1920 | Designed by Jean-Charles Worth (French, 1881-1962) for House of Worth | Coral pink velvet evening coat with cream silk satin collar and cuffs, coral pink silk satin lining. Loose kimono shape gathered in back and secured with pink corded velvet rosette; rosette also at front opening | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Evening Coat, House of Worth, 1910-20, French, Made of silk velvet, and silk satin
Woman's evening coat
Dress, House of Worth 1877, French, Made of silk and velvet
Mourning Dress, House of Worth, 1896, French, Made of silk and velvet
Woman’s dress | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Maison Worth couture oriental brocade evening gown, late 1930's
One Item - Kerry Taylor Auctions
Evening Dress, House of Worth 1915, American, Made of satin~~~Black charmeuse satin trimmed with beads, black velvet, and white net, from the House of Worth in Paris. The first lady wore the dress in 1915 for a private dinner party at the White House. Worn by First Lady Edith Wilson.
Reception gown Charles Worth c. 1878 Worth was the first fashion designer to elevate his position from that of mere dressmaker to artist. To reinforce this conception of himself, Worth often wore an artists smock and beret when meeting with clients. Like any artist, Worth "signed" his garments by including an inner label bearing his name.
Ensemble: Day Bodice, House of Worth 1893, French, Made of silk
Ensemble: Shoes, House of Worth 1893, French, Made of silk