Andrew Johnson, 17th President – took office after Lincoln's death. Johnson presided over the initial and contentious Reconstruction era of the US following the Civil War. His signature legislative endeavor was passage of the Homestead Act. Under his presidency, Sec. of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867.
"...Never give in, never give in, never, never, never, never--in nothing, great or small, large or petty--never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense. Never yield to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy." -Winston Churchill (1941)
A captured teenage Nazi is in tears as he holds out his wounded arm for a sympathetic American to examine as they wait for a medic in Cherbourg. The French were sometimes puzzled (and angered) by Americans' kind treatment of prisoners, including giving them oranges, which they had not seen for years. God Bless America!!
Temple Houston, son of Sam Houston. At 13, signed onto a cattle drive to Dakota; at 19 graduated w/ honors from Baylor with law degree and passed the bar to become the youngest practicing lawyer in Texas. His most famous case was defending prostitute Millie Stacey in 1899. His closing summary is still studied by law students today, considered the perfect defense argument and one of the finest masterpieces of oratory in the English language.
Ulysses S. Grant was a war hero and former president, yet towards the end of his life he was nearly broke as a result of unwisely investing everything he had with a ponzi schemer named Ferdinand Ward. As a way of leaving something behind for his family, Grant wrote feverishly to finish his memoirs which would be published by Mark Twain. He finished them on July 18th 1885 and died 5 days later.
On this day in 1948 Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu fanatic. Pictured here in 1946, the leader sits next to a spinning wheel, a device used to make yarn or thread; the image came to symbolize Indian self sufficiency — and thus independence from British rule.
U.S.-born Iva Toguri D'Aquino, who was dubbed 'Tokyo Rose' for broadcasting anti-American propaganda from Japan during World War II, was convicted of treason and sent to federal prison for about seven years (this picture was taken at the lockup in Alderson, West Virginia). D'Aquino was pardoned by President Gerald Ford in 1977.