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Thomas Jefferson

Grave Marker- Thomas Jefferson, 3rd president (1801-09). His original tombstone, now a cenotaph, is located on the campus in the University of Missouri's Quadrangle. A life mask of Jefferson was created by John Henri Isaac Browere in the 1820s.

Frederick Madison Roberts (1879-1952) Descendant of Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson, first African American member of the California legislature.

Monticello: Frederick Madison Roberts | Newsdesk

Sally Hemings (~1773 – 1835) was the mixed-race slave of the third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. She was the daughter of Betty Hemings – also a mixed-race slave – and purportedly, attorney/slave trader/tobacco plantation owner, John Wayles, who was also father to Martha Wayles (Jefferson), Thomas Jefferson’s wife. This never-disputed lineage would have made Sally and Martha half-sisters; and there were several documented accounts that they strongly resembled each other.

Sally Hemings is our Mixed Chick of the Day! She was a mixed race slave who belonged to President Thomas Jefferson. She gave birth to six children with Jefferson and got the chance to see her children live as free people before her death. #mixedchickshistorymonth #sallyhemings

“Master of the Mountain”: The real truth about Thomas Jefferson Forget Sally Hemings -- a historian discovers the ugliest side of a founding father in his ledgers: New evidence found in Jefferson's accounting ledgers demolishes the myth of the founding father as a kindly, reluctant slave owner...

“Master of the Mountain”: The real truth about Thomas Jefferson

Two new exhibitions come to an illuminating assessment of the past and Jefferson’s relationship to slavery.

Smithsonian and Monticello Exhibitions on Jefferson’s Slaves

"Monticello's enslaved cooks, Edith Fossett and Frances Hern, and their assistants carried platters of food from the kitchen upstairs to this revolving serving door. Burwell Colbert, the enslaved butler, worked inside the dining room, turned the door to receive the food. Colbert could serve the meal with the help of only a few enslaved teenage boys, in keeping with Jefferson's desire for privacy during diner. Jefferson had seen similar doors in use in European monasteries.

The guest bedroom which was frequented by James and Dolley Madison, complete with wallpaper which was brought back by Jefferson from France.

In his Cabinet, Jefferson arranged his plantation-made writing table, rotating leather chair and simple Windsor bench for his comfort while working. He used a polygraph machine to make copies of his letters. The revolving bookstand he designed to enable him to open five volumes at once.