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Geoglossum (Earth Tongue) ~ highly distinctive fungi; the ridged/leathery fruiting body above the stem does indeed resemble a tongue. The head is reddish-brown or purplish-black, and it's not separated from the non-fertile stem (stipe). Rare in central, northern & western Europe; found in parts of Asia & North America in old grasslands & heathlands, associated with sandy soils. Their habitats are under threat from the destruction of agricultural expansion and the afforestation of grasslands.
The poisonous Magpie Fungus (Coprinopsis Picacea) is a native of the British isles. First described in 1785. Preferring alkaline soil, it is usually found in beech woods in late summer and early fall. Additional family members occur in North America and throughout Europe.
T4 phage, via Purdue University and Seyet LLC Source: news.uns.purdue.e...
The Parasol Mushroom (Macrolepiota procera) is a fairly common species on well-drained soils. It is found solitary or in groups and fairy rings in pastures and occasionally in woodland. Globally, it is widespread in temperate regions.