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Charles Cranston
Charles Cranston • 1 year ago

Sputnik 1 (Russian: "Cпутник-1" Russian pronunciation: [ˈsputʲnʲək], "Satellite-1", ПС-1 (PS-1, i.e. "Простейший Спутник-1",was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. The surprise success precipitated the American Sputnik crisis, began the Space Age and triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War. The launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments

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International Space Station [ISS], as seen by a crew member on the Space Shuttle Endeavour STS-134, after their post-undocking relative separation. Un-docking of two spacecraft occurred at 11:55 p.m. (EDT) on May 29, 2011. Zarya, the first module of the ISS launched in 1998, is seen in the foreground. Since then, 26-Space-Shuttle-flights have docked with the ISS to assemble various other modules and components, which include four pairs of solar-arrays seen on each side. Photo: NASA

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This diagram shows the major stars that are closest to Earth, their distance from Earth and their stellar classification.