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One of numerous examples of bas-relief in Persepolis, Iran: Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC) until its destruction by Alexander the Great, when the city gradually declined over the course of time.

Alexander the Great Vs Persia - (CC 2, wk5)

Persepolis is the ancient capital city of the Persian empire before it was burnt to the ground by Alexander the Great ... the ruins are now protected as a world heritage site ...

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégasiii[›] from the Greek αλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ανήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas.

The Achaemenid Empire gold cup.The Achaemenid empire, the first of the Persian empires to rule over significant portions of Greater Iran, was wiped out by Alexander the Great in 330 BC.