1915 Leo Frank, lynched in southern USA, home of the KKK and other racist and antisemitic fringe groups. Falsely accused of rape, convicted and sentenced to death, then having the sentence commuted to life, Leo was lynched by a rabidly antisemitic crowd. The image of Leo, hanging from a tree, is still prized today by the townsfolk responsible.
Archbishop Robert Runcie has asserted that: "Without centuries of Christian antisemitism, Hitler's passionate hatred would never have been so fervently echoed...because for centuries Christians have held Jews collectively responsible for the death of Jesus. On Good Friday Jews, have in times past, cowered behind locked doors with fear of a Christian mob seeking 'revenge' for deicide. Without the poisoning of Christian minds through the centuries, the Holocaust is unthinkable."
1919 Trudoliubovka mass grave. The antisemitic 'White Army', hating Jews as Christ killing communists, committed more than 200 pogroms. "They deployed in the street, broke into the houses, dragged the Jews outside. In one barn they collected about 150 people...the peasants closed the barn and set it alight on all its sides....another gang was deployed on the houses and raped all the women and young girls who were in the colony..."
Known as the Tower of Faces this three-story tower displays photographs from the Yaffa Eliach Shtetl Collection. Taken between 1890 and 1941 in Eishishok, a small town in what is now Lithuania, they describe a vibrant Jewish community that existed for 900 years. In 1941, an SS mobile killing squad entered the village and within two days massacred the entire Jewish population.
Rome Jewish Ghetto 1850. After the defeat of the Vatican State, the Ghetto was eliminated as an institution, destroyed and completely rebuilt to what it is now. Though a few remains of the old ghetto still can be seen, it is now a nice Jewish area where there is the Jewish museum, the Sinagogue, a Jewish hospital and more jewish stuff such as many nice restaurants. There is also the possibility to go for a guided walking tour through the Ghetto (check: www.jewishrome.com)
In 1518, Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses. The Reformation had begun. He saw Jews as a rejected people guilty of the murder of Christ. When his efforts to convert them failed, he wrote "On the Jews and their Lies" encouraging the destruction of synagogues, Jewish homes, enslaving Jews, expelling Jews and inciting the murder of Jews: "We ought to take revenge on the Jews and kill them." Hitler expressed a great admiration for Martin Luther, often quoting his works and beliefs.