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Thank You Mary: Mary Walker, a woman who sought equality for women. She was a surgeon, and she wore pants– when it was illegal to do so. She was proud of her arrest for this; she wanted the right for women to wear pants. She won the congressional medal of Honor when she never even had the right to vote!
Sarah Emma Edmonds was one of approximately 400 women who succeeded in enlisting in the army (either Union or Confederate) during the Civil War. Her uniqueness is that she not only succeeded in remaining in the army for several years, but was also eminently successful as a Union spy - all while impersonating a man.
Champ Ferguson was one of only two men to be tried, convicted and executed for war crimes during the Civil War. Ferguson was a Confederate guerrilla who claimed to have killed over 100 Union soldiers. After being pronounced guilty, he responded, "I am yet and will die a Rebel … I killed a good many men, of course, but I never killed a man who I did not know was seeking my life." He was hanged on October 20, 1865.
Clayton was a woman who fought on the Union side during the civil war disguised as a man.
Arthur MacArthur was a brave teenaged officer in the Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor at 18, and was a Lt. Col by the age of 19. Years later his son, Douglas MacArthur, would also receive the Medal of Honor - making them one of only two Father/Son recipients of the Medal of Honor.