Collection Name: Photographic Study Collection Creator: Irwin, William E. Title: Martha Nahawat Kiowa Girl Date: 1892 ca. Publisher: Irwin Place: Chickasha, Indian territory, IT Physical Description: Cabinet photograph, b, 6.5 x 4.25 in. Names: Nahawat, Martha Subject: Portrait photographs-1890-1900; Indian women-North America-Kiowa; Studio props; Clothing & dress-1890-1900
Lone Wolf the Elder (Gui-pah-gho) (ca.1820-1879) was a Principal Chief of the Kiowa tribe and was the last Principal Chief of the Kiowa Tribe. He should not be confused with Lone Wolf II (Mamadayte), a young Kiowa brave whom he adopted. Lone Wolf the Elder belonged to the Ka-it-senko Koitsenko, the highest-ranking society consisting of ten men picked for bravery and Tsetanma, elite warrior societies. None was more respected or influential than Chief Lone Wolf.
Lone Wolf's battles: the Texas Rangers at Lost Valley. U.S. Calvary at Palo Duro Canyon. With the buffalo gone, he and his people surrendered in 1875. Lone Wolf with a group of 27 Kiowa's were singled out for incarceration at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida, were he would remain until 1878. He was found guilty of rebellion and sentenced to the dungeons of Fort Marion at St. Augustine. Prone to malaria and measles, he died in 1879. Lone Wolf is buried somewhere in the Wichita Mountains.