Tenth-century copy of a lost original from about 830: Charlemagne (left, his name means "Charles the Great") and his oldest son, Pippin the Hunchback (Broadway Musical was about him, but not historical). King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death in 814.
Inscription on Lycian tomb. Lycian was an Anatolian language spoken in what is now the Antalya region of Turkey up to about the 3rd Century BC, when the Lycians adopted Greek as their languages. Lycian is thought to have developed from Luwian, a language spoken in Asia Minor before the arrival of the Hittites (c. 18th century BC), and was related to Lydian. Around 180 inscriptions in Lycian dating from the fifth and fourth centuries BC have been found..
A picture found in a Dutch article in a late 50's magazine, about women wearing trousers. A summary of the text: "Imagine the summer of 1905. At the races at Auteuil (near Paris) a woman appeared wearing trousers in public for the first time. Her name is unknown, but this is a picture of her. Police men had to protect her against the curiosity and outrage of the crowd. The incident dominated the newspapers for days on end. It wasn't until the 1920's that women wearing trousers reappeared...
The Urartian Kingdom developed after the fall of the Hittites after 1200 BCE (as did Phrygia, Tabal, and Lydia) with a distinctive language, religion, ethnicity, material culture and new settlements which spread from Turkey into the Caucasus. Enemies of the Assyrians. An agrarian based society destroyed in the 7th C. BCE. perhaps by nomadics (like Sythians or Medes). ca. 8th C. BCE. Plaque in Urartian cuneiform atop 2 identical chariot processions. E. Turkey or NW Iran.
The Antikythera Mechanism by Michæl Paukner -- The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient mechanical calculator designed to calculate astronomical positions. It was recovered in 1900-01 from the Antikythera wreck, but its complexity and significance were not understood until decades later. It is now thought to have been built about 100-150 BC. Technological artifacts of similar complexity did not reappear until the 14th century, when mechanical astronomical clocks appeared in Europe.