An Italian majolica dish, c.1535-50; at the centre is the symbol of St Mark the Evangelist: a winged lion, with, unusually, a halo-crowned human face; the book represent St Mark's gospel, and the lion holds a sword, symbol of the Christian willingness to defend Christianity.
Plaque with the Symbol of the Evangelist John Date: ca. 1100 Geography: Made in, Conques, France Culture: French Medium: Copper: cut and gilt; champlevé and cloisonné enamel: black, lapis and lavender blue, turquoise, green, red, white, pinkish white. Dimensions: Overall: 4 x 2 3/8 x 1/8in. (10.1 x 6.1 x 0.3cm) Classification: Enamels Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917 Accession Number: 17.190.429
The Solar cross is probably the oldest religious symbol in the world, appearing in Asian, American, European, and Indian religious art from the dawn of history. Composed of a equal armed cross within a circle, it represents the solar calendar- the movements of the sun, marked by the solstices. Sometimes the equinoxes are marked as well, giving an eight armed wheel. The swastika is also a form of Solar cross.