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A complaint against segregated schools in Clarendon County, South Carolina, charges that denying admittance to African American students on the basis of race violates their guarantee of equal protection under the 14th Amendment. "Complaint against Segregated South Carolina Schools, 1950 (page 1 of 4) by the U.S. National Archives, via Flickr.
CHISUM, ETHELYN MILDRED TAYLOR (1895–1983). Ethelyn Mildred Taylor Chisum, black teacher and administrator, was born in Dallas on June 9, 1895, the daughter of William Henry and Virgie M. (Collins) Taylor. After graduating from Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College in 1913, she taught in the public schools of Rock Creek (Smith County), Waxahachie, and Dallas (1916–23). She was a member of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority.
Delilah L. Beasley. "She was the first black woman to write regularly for a major daily newspaper when her celebrated column, 'Activities Among Negroes' started in the Oakland Tribune in 1923. She continued her careful coverage of the black community until shortly before her death in 1934. She was instrumental in persuading the national press to stop using racial slurs...[and] became an outspoken activist for civil rights for both black people and women."
Opportunity, A Journal of Negro Life published by the National Urban League from 1923 to 1949. The first editor was Charles Johnson. In addition to essays on sociological issues, Opportunity had a strong emphasis on photography, art, & poetry. Early covers included artwork by Aaron Douglas, and writers included many figures from the Harlem Renaissance, including Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, & Zora Neale Hurston.
In 1925, the National Geographic Society didn't admit women, so Harriet Chalmers Adams, adventurer and female badass, founded the Society of Woman Geographers. She was regarded as the foremost woman explorer of her time, traveling to Latin American, eventually writing about her travels for National Geographic magazine. She proved that women had the same moxie, the same adventurous spirit, and the same fortitude to see the world as any man!
In September 1957, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, was supposed to be integrated with nine black students. People tried to block them from school, so the National Guard was sent in to ensure they would be allowed to attend the school.