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A relic of the standard taken from Richard III on 22 Aug 1485 at Bosworth Field
Richard III (1452–1485) was King of England for 2 years, from 1483 to 1485. In December 1483 he instituted the Court of Requests, where poor people who could not afford legal representation could apply, for their grievances to be heard. He introduced bail in January 1484 to protect suspected felons from imprisonment before trial and protect their property from seizure during that time. Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last English king to die in battle.