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Romona Currier
Romona Currier • 2 years ago

The famous and important funeral stele of Marcus Caelius, decorated first centurion of the Legio XVIII, a native of Bologna, 53 and a half years, fell into the ambush of the Teutoburg Forest where they were destroyed legions XVII, XVIII and XIX, under the command of the Governor Quintilio Publius Varus.

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Roman grave stone in Bonn Museum: "To Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, from Bologna, a centurion in the First Order of legio XVIII, aged 53; He fell in the Varian War. His bones - if found - may be placed in this monument. Publius Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, his brother, set this up." This centurio had several military decorations like torques and phalerae proudly displayed on his breast armour.

WORKSHOP OF PIETRO DI ALBERICO ITALIAN, BOLOGNA, MID-12TH CENTURY RELIEF WITH THE PRESENTATION IN THE TEMPLE

DONA SUPRA STELAS Like many other aspects of ancient life, even in the case of military decorations we have to rely on the steles and funerary reliefs in stone and clay to get to know some details and aspects of objects whose remains have come down to us only in a few rare specimens. !st century BC.

Bronze mirror with a support in the form of a nude girl, second half of 6th century B.C. Laconian; Said to be from southern Italy, which makes sense because it looks Etruscan.

Fragments of fired clay tiles with the stamp of Legio IV Flavia Felix. 106 AD.

Stele of P. Flavoleius Cordus, miles of Legio XIIII Gemina (CIL 13.7255), Germany. First half 1st century AD. Landesmuseum Mainz.

Guernsey, Celtic burial chamber, Le Déhus Dolmen, more than 4000 years old,

The Berlin Golden Hat is a tall, conical artifact made of hammered gold and decorated with astronomic symbols including the moon almost 3000 years old. It dates back to 1000-800 BC and may have been used as the ceremonial hat of a high priest or ruler used when worshipping the sun. It is possible that the Berliner Gold Hat was also used as a calendar: the symbols on the artefact would have permitted the determination of dates or periods in both lunar and solar calendars. (repin)

The tombstone of a centurion, Colchester Castle Museum, Camulodunum (Roman Colchester) Here is Marcus Favonius Facilis, a Roman army officer of Legion XX. MARCUS FAVONIUS FACILIS SON OF MARCUS OF THE POLLIAN TRIBE CENTURION OF THE TWENTIETH LEGION VERECUNDUD AND NOVICIUS HIS FREEDMEN SET UP THIS HERE HE LIES Foto: carolemadge1