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Romona Currier
Romona Currier • 1 year ago

The famous and important funeral stele of Marcus Caelius, decorated first centurion of the Legio XVIII, a native of Bologna, 53 and a half years, fell into the ambush of the Teutoburg Forest where they were destroyed legions XVII, XVIII and XIX, under the command of the Governor Quintilio Publius Varus.

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Roman grave stone in Bonn Museum: "To Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, from Bologna, a centurion in the First Order of legio XVIII, aged 53; He fell in the Varian War. His bones - if found - may be placed in this monument. Publius Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian voting tribe, his brother, set this up." This centurio had several military decorations like torques and phalerae proudly displayed on his breast armour.

Marble relief with a dancing maenad, ca. 27 B.C.–A.D. 14. Adaptation of work attributed to Kallimachos. Early Imperial, Augustan. Roman. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Fletcher Fund, 1935 (35.11.3) #dance | Maenads were mythical women inspired by the god of wine, Dionysos, to abandon their homes and families and roam the mountains and forests, singing and dancing in a state of ecstatic frenzy.


DONA SUPRA STELAS Like many other aspects of ancient life, even in the case of military decorations we have to rely on the steles and funerary reliefs in stone and clay to get to know some details and aspects of objects whose remains have come down to us only in a few rare specimens. !st century BC.

Fragments of fired clay tiles with the stamp of Legio IV Flavia Felix. 106 AD.

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Guernsey, Celtic burial chamber, Le Déhus Dolmen, more than 4000 years old,

Julius Robert Oppenheimer (Apr 22, 1904 – Feb 18, 1967) Theoretical Physicist and Professor of Physics at University of California, Berkeley. With Enrico Fermi, he is called "Father of the Atomic Bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project, World War II Project that developed the first nuclear weapons. First atomic bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945, Trinity test in New Mexico; He remarked later that it brought to mind words from Bhagavad Gita: "Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds."

Beaker with archer and bull, ca. 10th–9th century B.C. Iron Age II. Western Iran. The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Greek/Attic Marble stele (grave marker), Period: Archaic, Date: ca. 530 B.C.