Japanese soldiers involved in street fighting in Shanghai, China in 1937. The battle of Shanghai lasted from August through November of 1937, eventually involving nearly one million troops. In the end, Shanghai fell to the Japanese, after over 150,000 casualties combined. (LOC)
Of all the Japanese atrocities in its war against China, none was grislier than the Rape of Nanking, Japan's attack on the Chinese Nationalist headquarters city in 1937. For 7 weeks, Japanese troops tortured civilians, beheading some, using others for bayonet practice, burying still others alive and, according to most accounts, sexually assaulting every female they could find between the ages of 10 and 70. When the butchery ended, an estimated 42,000 Chinese were dead.
Aisin-Gioro Puyi 1906 –1967 of Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, commonly known as Puyi (溥儀), was the last Emperor of China and 12th and final ruler of the Qing dynasty. Still a child, he ruled as Xuantong Emperor from 1908 until his abdication on 12 February 1912, after the successful Xinhai Revolution. In 1934, he was declared the Kangde Emperor of the puppet state of Manchukuo by the Empire of Japan, and he ruled until the end of 2nd Sino-Japanese War in 1945.