Lucy E. Parsons (1853-1942) “Feared by the authorities because of her charismatic fiery speeches and intellect, the first Afro-Latina woman of color to engage prominently in the history of the Leftist American labor movement was labeled as ‘more dangerous than a thousand rioters’ by the Chicago Police Department."
Lucy Eldine Gonzalez American labor organizer and radical socialist,. born around 1853 in Texas, likely as a slave, to parents of Native American, Black American and Mexican ancestry. In 1871 she married Albert Parsons, a former Confederate soldier. They were forced to flee from Texas north by intolerant reactions to their interracial marriage. They settled in Chicago, Illinois. Described by the Chicago Police Department as "more dangerous than a thousand rioters" in the 1920s,
Golda Meir - Became Prime Minister of Israel in 1969, at age 71. “Whether women are better than men I cannot say - but I can say they are certainly no worse.”
Union Leader & Civil Rights Activist Addie L. Wyatt. Worked on a meatpacking line after being turned down for a clerical position because of her race. 1953 became VP of her Union's Chicago branch & then president of the Int'l Amalgamated Meat Cutters, the 1st black woman of an int'l Union. Appointed to the Labor Legislation Committee by Pres. Roosevelt. Founder of the Coalition of Labor Union Women & co-founder of the Nat'l Org of Women. 1st Black Women to be Person of the Year by Time Magazine.
August 7, 1890: Elizabeth Gurley Flynn is born. Flynn was an organizer for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and an activist for women’s rights, birth control, and women’s suffrage. She died in 1964.
Described by the Chicago Police Dpt as "more dangerous than a thousand rioters" in the 1920s, Lucy Parsons & her husband had become highly effective organizers involved in the labor movement in the late 19th century, also participating in revolutionary activism re political prisoners, people of color, the homeless and women. She began writing for The Socialist and The Alarm, the journal of the International Working People's Association (IWPA) which she and Parsons, among others, founded in 1883.
These women, marching on May 1, 1909 in New York, wear signs reading "Abolish Child Slavery" in English and Yiddish. Jewish workers in the US began forming unions [pdf] in the 1880s, and the Jewish labor movement experienced a turning point in the 1930s as Jewish workers turned away from Communism and began to respond to growing anti-Semitism worldwide.
"Get the hell ot of my race and give me those numbers." After realizing a woman was running Boston marathon organizer Jock Semple went after Kathrine Switzer. Other runners blocked him and she went on to finish the race. 1967 (five years later, women were officially allowed to compete)